working conditions in coal mines
Long hours, extreme labour, high death/casualty rate, no health and safety, dark, damp
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working conditions in mills
High risk of fire, long hours, dangerous machinery, no breaks, hot, high injuries count, harsh discipline
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new technology
davy lamp, pit props, steam engine, exhaust fans
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1802 act factories and mills
reduced hours- not successful no inspectors factories & mills owners ignored the act
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under 9s not working in mills reduced hours for under 16s - not successful no inspector owners ignored act
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illegal for children under 9 to be employed in mills & factories, 9 hour day for 9-13 and 12 hour day for teens, no under 18s night shift, inspectors introduced could prosecute owners if act was not followed
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Made machinery safer and reduced hours women 12 hour day and time for lunch
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reduced work to 10 hours a day for women
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children 10 and under went to school no work, 10-14 only half work day, woman 56 hours a week max
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Why did channels go into decline
going up hills needed a series of locks, tunnels or bridges had to be built, not everyone wanted to sell their land or sell for a very high price, constant supply of water needed reserves and pluming had to be built, looked shabby, some boats too big
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navvies dug out the tracks for the railways low pay, lived in harsh conditions, treated harshly, worked in all weather, lived in tents or shanty towns, bad reputation for drinking and fighting, scurvy lack of vitamins, worked till death
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social benefit of trains
Fast cheep way of mail that could be sent anywhere in briton, connected countryside to city, better diet, cheeper holidays
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Economic benefits
more jobs, needed coal, iron, glass, industries sell and advertise further, tourism grew so B+B, restaurant grew
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problems with trains
uncomfortable, no sheltered carriages for lower classes, lots of accidents, slow
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Improvements to railway
better boiler system- faster, telegraph set up to send and receive info, block signalling- less accidents, breaks, all carriages covered
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6000 people went to hear henry hunt speak peacefully children where present, the local magistrates became worried so sent 1000 yeomanry to deal with the potential riot they attacked the crowed killed 11 and injured 400-600
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Method of the chartists
peaceful: used newspaper, posters, petitions, protests. Violent: strike, fight back, gun battles, hurt the upper classes money and physically
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1832 reform act
got rid of many confusing rules about who can vote depending where they lived, distribution of seats changed, new constituencies made
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1867 reform act
men with land can vote and men who eat £1.50 could vote, redistribution of seats
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1884 reform act
votes for county men mps represented same amount of people
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why where chartist unsuccessful
the peaceful protesters where easily ignored and the violent protesters could not be trusted with the vote
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


working conditions in mills


High risk of fire, long hours, dangerous machinery, no breaks, hot, high injuries count, harsh discipline

Card 3


new technology


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Card 4


1802 act factories and mills


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5




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