Altitude and Ocean Circulation influence on climate?

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Does temperature increase or decrease with altitude?
Decreases
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Why does this happen?
Air cools as it rises
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What is the name given to this?
Environmental Lapse Rates (ELR)
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What does this mean for climates?
Mountainous regions eg Himalayas, Andes, Alps, may have colder temperatures than areas at similar latitudes
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What is ocean circulation?
Large scale movement of water that contributes to horizontal transfer of heat
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What is another name for the individual circulation of an ocean?
Gyre
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What causes ocean currents?
prevailing surface winds.
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Give an example of warm ocean current
North Atlantic Drift
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Where does it move water to and from?
Brings warm water up from the tropics to western europe
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How does this influence the climate of western europe?
Westerlies carry warm moist air from the current over the land until it reaches the alps.
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Give an example of a cold ocean current?
The Labrador Current
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Where does it move water to and from?
From the Arctic ocean to the atlantic ocean
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What does the meeting of the labrador current and the gulf stream create?
foggy conditions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why does this happen?

Back

Air cools as it rises

Card 3

Front

What is the name given to this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does this mean for climates?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is ocean circulation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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