Alps Case Study

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How were the Alps formed?
They were formed around 30 million years ago by the collision between the African and Eurasian plates
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What is the population?
Approximately 12 million people
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How are the Alps used for farming? (2)
>Steep relief used to farm goats >Some sunnier slopes have been terraced to plant vineyards
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How are the Alps used for Hydro-electric power? (2)
>Narrow villages are dammed to generate HEP >Electricity produced is used locally to power homes and businesses and also exported to towns and city farther away
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How are the Alps used for tourism? (4)
>100 million tourists per year >70% visit the steep mountains for winter sports. In the summer they visit for other sports >New villages built to cater for more tourists >Ski runs, ski lifts, cable cars, restaurants scattered across the landscape
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How are the Alps used for mining?
Salt, iron ore, gold, silver and copper were mined, but mining had declined dramatically due to cheaper foreign competitors
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How are the Alps used for forestry?
Scots Pine is planted because they are more resilient to goats. The trees can then be logged and sold to make things like furniture
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How have people adapted to the conditions in the Alps? (3)
Steep relief: goats are farmed, trees and man-made defences protect against avalanches. Poor soils: Animals grazed in higher areas and crops grown in more fertile valley floors. Limited communications: Roads, tunnels, passes built, e.g. Brenner Pass
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the population?

Back

Approximately 12 million people

Card 3

Front

How are the Alps used for farming? (2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How are the Alps used for Hydro-electric power? (2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How are the Alps used for tourism? (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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