All of population

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What is population distribution ?
The way in which people are spread across an area
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What is population density ?
Average number of people per square kilometre
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How do you calculate population density ?
total population divided by total land area
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What is the relationship between development (LEDC/MEDC) and population distribution
There isn't e.g. Bangladesh and Japan are both densely populated
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What physical factors encourage settlement ?
Temperate climate, fertile/flat land, good supply of natural resources.
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What physical factors discourage settlement ?
Extreme climates (too hot/cold), too mountainous, dense vegetation
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What social factors influence settlement ?
Availability of jobs, high wages etc.
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Give an example of a political factor that can discourage settlement
Civil war, bad government etc.
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What influences the population number
Births, deaths and migration into or out of the area
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What is a population pyramid used for ?
Shows the structure of a population by comparing numbers of people in different age groups.
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What is a demographic transition model used for ?
Shows population change over time
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How many stages does the demographic transition model have
Five
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Are these different for LEDC'S and MEDC'S ?
Yes. The appearance of each graph will differ for a LECD and a MEDC.
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What is birth rate ?
Number of births per 1000 per year
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What is death rate ?
Number of deaths per 1000 per year
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What is migration ?
The movement of people in and out of an area
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What is natural increase ?
Birth rate minus death rate
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When will a population decline ?
When death rate is greater than birth rate
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When will a population increase ?
If birth rate is greater than death rate
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What kind of population growth rate will a LEDC have ?
Actually, it's high because birth rates tend to be the same as death rates. Also, improving health care means death rates fall while birth rates rise.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is population density ?

Back

Average number of people per square kilometre

Card 3

Front

How do you calculate population density ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the relationship between development (LEDC/MEDC) and population distribution

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What physical factors encourage settlement ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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