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Baon - Cohen

loftues and plamer

Savage-Rumbaugh

Samuel and Bryant

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  • Created by: shadaye
  • Created on: 14-05-14 10:30
Aim of Baron - Cohen study
To investigate if autistic adults lock the advanced theory of mind skills
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Participants of Baron - Cohen study
16 autistic (3F+13M) 50 normal (25M+25F) 10 tourettes (2F+8M)
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Method of Baron - Cohen study (strength and weakness)
Quasi (natural IV, but no control over IV)
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Control tasks of Baron - Cohen study
Strange Stories
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The Eyes task of Baron - Cohen study
3 Seconds, then have to choose one of 2 possible answers
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Gender recognition task of Baron - Cohen study
25 Photographs displaying different emotions (male and female)
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Findings on Eyes Task of Baron - Cohen study
Normal 20.3 Autism 16.3 Tourette’s 20.4
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Findings Gender recognition task of Baron - Cohen study
Normal 23.3 Autism 24.1 (F23.8 + M24.0)
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Conclusion of Baron - Cohen study
The core deficit involved in Autism is the lack of an advanced theory of mind
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Aim of Loftus Palmer study
See the effects of leading questions on memory
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Participants in Experiment 1 of Loftus Palmer study
45 students of the University of Washington
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Method in Experiment 1 of Loftus Palmer study
Lab experiment; were shown 7 clips of traffic accidents between 5 and 30 seconds long and ask to write an account and answer critical question
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5 verbs in Experiment 1 of Loftus Palmer study
Smashed Hit Collided Contacted Bumped
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Findings in Experiment 1 of Loftus Palmer study
Smashed40.8 Hit34.0 Collided39.3 Contacted31.8 Bumped38.1
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Participants in Experiment 2 of Loftus Palmer study
150 student
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Method in Experiment 2 of Loftus Palmer study
Watched a 1minute film with a 4 sec car accident; ask critical question 2 weeks later
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Findings in Experiment 1 of Loftus Palmer study
Control (Yes 6 No 44) Hit(Yes 7 No 43) Smashed(Yes 16 No 34)
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Conclusion of Loftus Palmer study
Two types of information make up the memory of a complex event; Information from event and Information after event
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Aim of Savage-Rumbaugh study
To study language acquisition of two pygmy Chimps compared with two common chimps
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Participants of Savage-Rumbaugh study
2 Pygmy chips (Kanzi and Mulika) 2 Common chips (Austin and Sherman)
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Method of Savage-Rumbaugh study
Longitudinal Study; over 17 months; Lexigram used to record data
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Findings of Savage-Rumbaugh study
Use of Gestures: 6 & 16 months age – K&M K&M: Comprehend English spoken words; used lexigrams specifically; requests for others A&S Couldn’t
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Conclusion of Savage-Rumbaugh study
Pygmy Chimps have the capacity to understand language
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Aim of Samuel and Bryant study
Can young children conserve or does asking the same question twice (Piagetian method) cause them to fail
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Participants of Samuel and Bryant study
252 boys and girls from Devon schools and preschools age 5 – 8 (4 groups: A - 5 yrs; B - 6 yrs; C - 7 years D - 8 yrs)
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Method of Samuel and Bryant study
The 3 condition was: one judgement, standard and fixed array The 3 experimental test was:number, mass and volume
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Findings of Samuel and Bryant study
found the one judgement easier (they made less errors) significant difference between the age groups, older groups do better than the younger Fewer errors on the number task compared to others
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Conclusion of Samuel and Bryant study
Children have a better understand of conservation as they get older, do better if ask question once
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Card 2

Front

Participants of Baron - Cohen study

Back

16 autistic (3F+13M) 50 normal (25M+25F) 10 tourettes (2F+8M)

Card 3

Front

Method of Baron - Cohen study (strength and weakness)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Control tasks of Baron - Cohen study

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Eyes task of Baron - Cohen study

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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