Language and gender - Theories

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1. What did Pamela Fishman propose?

  • Mixed-sex conversations don't fail.
  • Mixed-sex conversation sometimes fails, not because of female-talk, but because of how men respond, or don't respond.
  • Mixed-sex conversations fail.
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Other questions in this quiz

2. Which of the following is NOT one of Jennifer Coates' categories for all-female conversation?

  • Scandal
  • Gossip
  • House Talk
  • Bitching
  • Chatting

3. Which one of the following is NOT one of the six contrasts proposed by Tannen?

  • Orders vs. Proposals
  • Orders vs. Commands
  • Status vs. Support
  • Advice vs. Understanding
  • Conflict vs. Compromise
  • Independence vs. Intimacy
  • Information vs. Feelings

4. What did O'Barr and Atkins find?

  • Status and gender caused language differences to the same significance, in courtroom cases.
  • Status was more significant than gender in language differences, as shown by courtroom cases.
  • Gender was the cause of language differences, not power or status, in the courtroom cases studied.

5. Which one of these is NOT one of Lakoff's assumptions of women's language?

  • Uses fewer apologies
  • Uses hedges e.g. sort of, kind of
  • Uses empty adjectives e.g. lovely, adorable
  • Avoids expletives


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