Language and gender - Theories

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1. Which one of the following is NOT one of the six contrasts proposed by Tannen?

  • Advice vs. Understanding
  • Status vs. Support
  • Orders vs. Commands
  • Orders vs. Proposals
  • Independence vs. Intimacy
  • Information vs. Feelings
  • Conflict vs. Compromise
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2. What reasoning did Trudgill suggest behind men using low prestige pronunciation?

  • They were seeking covert prestige by appearing "tough" or "down to earth".
  • They were seeking overt prestige by appearing "tough" or "down to earth".
  • They were of a lower class.
  • They wanted to seem friendly.

3. What did Beattie find?

  • Women interrupt more than men.
  • Women and men interrupted with more or less equal frequency.
  • Men interrupt more than women.

4. What did O'Barr and Atkins find?

  • Status and gender caused language differences to the same significance, in courtroom cases.
  • Status was more significant than gender in language differences, as shown by courtroom cases.
  • Gender was the cause of language differences, not power or status, in the courtroom cases studied.

5. What was one of Fishman's suggestions?

  • Topics initiated by men are more likely to be followed up and pursued than those initiated by women.
  • Topics initiated by either sex are just as likely to be followed up and pursued.
  • Topics initiated by women are more likely to be followed up and pursued than topics initiated by men.

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