Alkanes Topic Definitions

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Empirical Formula
The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound
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Molecular Formula
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
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General Formula
The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series e.g. alkanes- CnH2n+2
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Structural Formula
The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule
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Displayed Formula
The relative positioning of atoms and the bonds between them
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Skeletal Formula
The simplified organic formula. Hydrogen atoms removed from alkyl chains leaving just a Carbon skeleton and associated functional groups
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Homologous Series
A series of organic compounds which have the same functional group, but each successive member differing by -CH2
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Functional Group
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule

Back

Molecular Formula

Card 3

Front

The simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series e.g. alkanes- CnH2n+2

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The relative positioning of atoms and the bonds between them

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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