Alkanes

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  • Created by: MGB2015
  • Created on: 05-10-15 08:32
What are Alkanes?
A homlogous series of saturated hydrocarbons
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Homologous
A family of compounds with similar chemical properties
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Hydrocarbons
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen only
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Saturated
Contains the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bound to carbon. No double bounds or triple bounds
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General formula for members of a homologous series
CnH2n+2, CnH4n+2, etc
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Combustion
Burning in air/oxygen
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Complete combustion
Reaction with a plentiful supply of oxygen
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Incomplete combustion
Reaction with a restricted supply of oxygen
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Carbon Monoxide
Toxic gas, colourless + odourless
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Bromomethene
A mixture of Bromine gas and Methene is brown, but when exposed to sunlight it goes colourless
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Substitution Reaction
E.g. one hydrogen in the alkane is substituted by a bromine atom
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Homologous

Back

A family of compounds with similar chemical properties

Card 3

Front

Hydrocarbons

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Saturated

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

General formula for members of a homologous series

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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