Alexander II's Reforms

  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 09-05-18 16:17
What were the reasons for Alexander II's counter refroms?
The Polish Revolts of 1863 and the Attempted Assassination in 1866
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EDUCATION REFORMS
blah blah blah
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When were universities allowed to govern themselves?
1863
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Did Alexander II open schools up to all classess and Sexes?
Yes
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What were "Modern Schools"
Schools that teached non-traditional subjects
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What were the counter reforms imposed on these schools and when?
That the students could not go to university (1871)
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What kind of subjects were banned as result of rising opposition
Critical Thinking Subjects
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What was set up for teachers so that they enforced the Tsarist regime?
Teacher Colleges
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What was censored in schools?
School books
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JUDICIAL REFORMS
blah blah blah
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What action was taken to prevent bribery of judges?
Better pay to those Judges
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What replaced the prescident of "Guilty Until Proven Innocent"?
"Innocent Until Proven Guilty"
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What was given to the Judiciary to make it less biased?
Independence. (from government)
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What was the result of an independant judiciary?
Guilty people like Vera Zasulich being let go due to sympathy
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What and When was the Trial of 193?
(1877-78) It was the biggest political trial in Tsarist Russia of 193 student protesters and revolutionary populists.
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What was it's outcome?
Mass acquittals for most of the defendants
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What was made open to the public and particularly the press?
The court cases
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What was a counter reform that stemmed from this?
Political prisoners being tried privately (due to sympathy of jury)
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MILITARY REFORMS
blah blah blah
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The conscription age was reduced from __ years to __ years
The conscription age was reduced from 25 years to 15 years
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Were all social classes made to conscript?
Yes (This caused resentment of the upper classes)
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What was set up to educate the Military?
Military Colleges
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Could peasants attend these colleges?
Yes
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LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORMS
blah blah blah
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What was established to govern locally
The Zemstva (Plural for Zemstvo)
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What powers were the Zemstva given?
Power to improve public services e.g. Education, Health, Roads
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What weren't they given power over?
Taxes
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What was the result of the Zemstva?
Better living conditions due to better local representation
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CENSORSHIP REFORMS
blah blah blah
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When were overall restrictions on books taken away?
1865
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What were the press allowed to do now?
Comment on the government and its actions
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_,___ books allowed in ____ to __,___ books allowed in 1894
1000 books allowed in 1855 to 10,000 books allowed in 1894
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What counter reform was introduced in 1870 in regards to censorship and why?
The censors were re-tightened due to critical writing
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Card 2

Front

EDUCATION REFORMS

Back

blah blah blah

Card 3

Front

When were universities allowed to govern themselves?

Back

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Card 4

Front

Did Alexander II open schools up to all classess and Sexes?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were "Modern Schools"

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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