Aldehydes and Ketones

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The two series belong in the ...
carbonyl group
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Oxidation of a primary alcohol gives you a ...
Aldehyde
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Oxidation of a secondary alcohol gives you a...
Ketone
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Oxidation of a tertiary alcohol gives you a...
Will not oxidise
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To form a aldehyde/ketone, you must oxidise a alcohol with ...
acidified potassium dichromate
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When oxidised, the solution will turn from ...
orange --> green
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If you were to reduce an aldehyde, what would be produced?
Primary alcohol
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If you were to reduce a ketone, what would you get?
A secondary alcohol
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What does Fehling's Solution indicate?
The presence of an aldehyde
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What is the colour change when a aldehyde is present in Fehling's solution?
Blue --> Orange/Brown precipitate
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Why does a ketone not change Fehling's solution?
Does not oxidise further
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During nucleophillic addition, which molecule acts as the nucleophille?
Cyanide ion
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What is the catalyst for this nucleophillic addition?
Alkali
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What is used as the catalyst in reduction of the aldehydes/ketones?
Sodium tetrahydrdoborate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Oxidation of a primary alcohol gives you a ...

Back

Aldehyde

Card 3

Front

Oxidation of a secondary alcohol gives you a...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Oxidation of a tertiary alcohol gives you a...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

To form a aldehyde/ketone, you must oxidise a alcohol with ...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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