Alcohols, Halogenoalkanes and Analysis

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  • Created by: Mary
  • Created on: 26-05-13 16:52
Volarity
The ease that a liquid turns into a gas. Volarity increases and boiling point decreases.
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Reflux
The continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure that the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry
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Esterification
The reaction of an alcohol with a carboxylic acid to produce an ester and water.
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Dehydration
An elimination reaction in which water is removed from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule.
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Hydrolysis
A reaction with water or aqueous hydroxide ions that breaks a chemical compound into two compounds.
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Nucleophillic substitution
A type of substiution reaction in which a nucleophile is attracted to an electron- deficient centre or atom, where it donates a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond.
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Atom Economy
= (Molecular mass of the desired product/ sum of the molecular masses of all products) X 100
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Molecular ion, M+
The positive ion formed in mass spectrometry when a molecule loses anelectron.
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Fragmentation
The process in mass spectroscopy that causes a positive ion to split into pieces, one of which is a positive fragment ion.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The continual boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure that the reaction takes place without the contents of the flask boiling dry

Back

Reflux

Card 3

Front

The reaction of an alcohol with a carboxylic acid to produce an ester and water.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An elimination reaction in which water is removed from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A reaction with water or aqueous hydroxide ions that breaks a chemical compound into two compounds.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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