Alcohols, Carboxylic Acids and Esters

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  • Created by: Kate H
  • Created on: 09-05-14 11:52
What do alcohols and carboxylics react to form?
Esters
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What is the functional group of alcohols?
-OH
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What do the first three alcohols all have in common?
1.Dissolve in water to form a neutral solution. 2. React with sodium to produce hydrogen. 3.Are used as fuels and solvents
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How do we form ethanoic acid?
Ethanol is oxidised, either by chemical oxidising agents or microbial action
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Ethanoic acid is the main ingredient in...
Vinegar
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What is the functional group of the carboxylic acid?
-COOH
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What must be present with the alchols and carboxylic acid to produce esters?
An acid catalyst
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Carboxylic acids dissolve in water to produce....
Acidic solutions
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Carboxylic acids react with carbonates to produce...
CO2
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Why are carboxylic acids weak?
They don't ionise completely when dissolved in water so there aren't as many H+ ions
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Aqueous solutions of weak acids have a higher pH value than the aqueous solutions ...
...of a strong acid with the same concentration
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What is the functional group of esters?
-COO-
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Why are esters suitable perfumes?
They are volatile with sweet smells
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Give two uses of esters
Perfumes and flavourings
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Which ester is produced from ethanol and ethanoic acid?
Ethyl ethanoate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the functional group of alcohols?

Back

-OH

Card 3

Front

What do the first three alcohols all have in common?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do we form ethanoic acid?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ethanoic acid is the main ingredient in...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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