Alcohols and Ethers

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Alcohols have a ______ Group?
-OH group
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Alcohols end in what?
-OL
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What happens in the combustion of Alcohol?
Alcohols react completely with oxygen to give carbon dioxide and water.
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Why do alcohols require less oxygen for complete combustion than the corresponding Alkane?
Because the molecules already have oxygen in them.
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Alcohols and Ethers are called Oxygenates, Why?
Because they burn more efficiently than alkanes, producing less carbon monoxide.
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When Oxygenates are added to petrol to reduce pollution, what do they also do to the fuel?
Increase the Octane Number!
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How can you tell when the compound is an Ether?
There will be an O in the middle of two other groups C-O-C = ETHER!
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What is crude oil?
Crude oil is a mixture of different hydrocarbons
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How are the Hydrocarbons separated?
Fractional Distillation
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What is the general formula for Alkanes?
CnH2n+2
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Are Alkanes Saturated or Unsaturated?
Saturated
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Are Alkanes Aliphatic or Aromatic?
Aliphatic
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What does Aliphatic Mean?
They have no ring structures - Do NOT contain Benzene Rings
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What happens when you burn an Alkane?
Alkanes react completely with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water this is called - complete combustion
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What other reactions do Alkanes undergo?
Radical Substitution Reactions
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What is the general formula for a Cycloalkane?
CnH2n
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Are Cycloalkanes Saturated or Unsaturated?
Saturated
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Are Cycloalkanes Aromatic or Aliphatic?
Aliphatic
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What is the general formula for Alkenes?
CnH2n
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Are Alkenes Saturated or Unsaturated?
Unsaturated
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What does Unsaturated mean?
There are one or more double bonds between carbon atoms in a molecule
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Are Alkenes Aliphatic or Aromatic?
Aliphatic
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Are Arenes Saturated or Unsaturated?
Unsaturated
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Are Arenes Aromatic or Aliphatic?
Aromatic
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Alcohols end in what?

Back

-OL

Card 3

Front

What happens in the combustion of Alcohol?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do alcohols require less oxygen for complete combustion than the corresponding Alkane?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Alcohols and Ethers are called Oxygenates, Why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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