Alcohols & Haloalkanes

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: fjhcab
  • Created on: 21-03-16 20:19
Primary Alcohol
The carbon which carries the -OH group is only attached to one alkyl group
1 of 25
Secondary Alcohol
The carbon with the -OH group attached is joined directly to two alkyl groups
2 of 25
Tertiary Alcohol
The carbon atom holding the -OH group is attached directly to three alkyl groups
3 of 25
Aldehyde
Have a hydrogen and one alkyl group attached to a double bonded C=O
4 of 25
Ketone
Have 2 alkyl groups attached to a double bonded C=O
5 of 25
Carboxylic Acid
Have a COOH functional group
6 of 25
Haloalkanes
Are alkanes with a halogen bond
7 of 25
Iodoalkanes
Are hydrolysed the fastest as they have the weakest bonds
8 of 25
CFC's
Chlorofluorocarbons. They are very stable, volatile, non-flammable & non-toxic
9 of 25
Infrared Spectroscopy
IR radiation is passed through a sample, its absorbed by covalent bonds in the molecule increasing their vibrational energy
10 of 25
Mass Spectrometry
Molecules are bombarded with electrons which remove an electron from the molecule to form a molecular ion
11 of 25
Reflux
You don't lose any volatile organic substances
12 of 25
Distill
Separates substances with different boiling points
13 of 25
Seperation
Removes any water soluble impurities from the product
14 of 25
Alkene to Dihaloalkane
X2, 20°C
15 of 25
Alkene to Alkane
H2, Nickel catalyst, 150°C
16 of 25
Alkene to Haloalkane
HX, 20°C
17 of 25
Alkene to Alcohol
Steam, H3PO4 catalyst, 300°C, 60-70 atm
18 of 25
Alcohol to Alkene
Steam, H2SO4/H3PO4, Heat
19 of 25
Alcohol to Haloalkane
NaX, H2SO4, 20°C
20 of 25
Alkane to Haloalkane
X2, UV light
21 of 25
Haloalkane to Alcohol
warm NaOH/ KOH, water, reflux
22 of 25
Alcohol to Aldehyde
K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, heat primary alcohol in distillation apparatus
23 of 25
Aldehyde to Carboxylic Acid
K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, heat in reflux apparatus
24 of 25
Alcohol to Ketone
K2Cr2O7/H2SO4, heat secondary alcohol in reflux apparatus
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Secondary Alcohol

Back

The carbon with the -OH group attached is joined directly to two alkyl groups

Card 3

Front

Tertiary Alcohol

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Aldehyde

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ketone

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Alcohols & Haloalkanes resources »