Ainsworth's strange situation

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  • Created by: AK
  • Created on: 10-04-18 10:46
Procedure
5 behaviours to judge attachment - proximity seeking, exploration and secure-base behaviour, stranger anxiety, seperation anxiety, response to reunion. CH+CA enter, explore, S enter, CA leaves, CA returns S leaves, CA leaves, S returns, CA returns
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Findings
Secure attachment - explore,regularaly go back to caregiver with moderate stranger and seperation anxiety. Insecure-avoidant - explore,don't seek proximity,no S+S anxiety. Insecure resistant explore less, greater proximity, big S+S anxiety
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Evaluation - support for validity
Babies assessed as secure typically go on to have better outcomes in many areas. Insecure-resistant had worst outcomes. This is evidence for the validity as it can explain subsequent outcomes
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Evaluation - good reliability
Very good inter-rater reliability (different observers agree). Controlled conditions and behavioural categories are easy to observe. Bick et al. found agreement of 94%
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Evaluation - the test may be culture-bound
Cultural differences in childhood experiences means children respond differently, caregivers respond differently. Takahashi noted test doesn't work in Japan because Japanese mothers are rarely seperated from babies
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Evaluation - what does the strange situation measure?
Measures a child's responses to anxiety. Kagan suggested temperament is a more important influence than attachment, meaning temperament may be a confounding variable
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Evaluation - there is at least one more attachment type
Main and Solomon pointed out a minority of children display attachments that don't fit Ainsworth's categories - disorganised attachment
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Secure attachment - explore,regularaly go back to caregiver with moderate stranger and seperation anxiety. Insecure-avoidant - explore,don't seek proximity,no S+S anxiety. Insecure resistant explore less, greater proximity, big S+S anxiety

Back

Findings

Card 3

Front

Babies assessed as secure typically go on to have better outcomes in many areas. Insecure-resistant had worst outcomes. This is evidence for the validity as it can explain subsequent outcomes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Very good inter-rater reliability (different observers agree). Controlled conditions and behavioural categories are easy to observe. Bick et al. found agreement of 94%

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Cultural differences in childhood experiences means children respond differently, caregivers respond differently. Takahashi noted test doesn't work in Japan because Japanese mothers are rarely seperated from babies

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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