Ainsworth's Strange Situation

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Gottowork
  • Created on: 14-05-16 18:13
What is the Strange Situation?
Controlled observation designed to test attachment security. Infants assessed on proximity seeking (secure base), stranger anxiety, separation anxiety, response to reunion
1 of 9
The procedure has seven episodes, each of which last three minutes - what are they?
Child explores, stranger comes in, child + stranger left alone, caregiver returns, leaves child alone, stranger returns, caregiver returns
2 of 9
What is Type A attachment and what does it consist of?
Insecure-avoidant - 20-25% low anxiety, weak attachment, e.g. low stranger/separation anxiety, little response to reunion
3 of 9
What is Type B attachment and what does it consist of?
Secure - 60-75% moderate stranger/separation anxiety and ease of comfort at reunion
4 of 9
What is Type C attachment and what does it consist of?
Insecure-resistant - 3% high anxiety, strong attachment. High levels of stranger/separation anxiety, but resistance to be comforted at reunion
5 of 9
Why is the Strange Situation said to be valid?
Attachments defined strongly predictive of later development - secure, success at school and romantic, insecure-resistant have worst outcomes, bullying, mental health problems. Valid - can explain subsequent outcomes
6 of 9
What is an issue with the Strange Situation?
It's culture-bound - only in Western Europe and USA - caregivers and children respond differently due to cultural differences. Takahashi - doesn't work in Japan, rarely separated and rushed to reunion
7 of 9
Why might there be at least one more attachment type?
A minority of children display atypical attachments that don't fall within types A, B and C. Disorganised attachment - mix of avoidant and resistant behaviours
8 of 9
The Strange Situation shows very good inter-rater reliability. Why?
Different observers generally agree. Controlled conditions, easy to observe behavioural categories. Agreement 94%, so attachment type identified doesn't depend on who is observing them
9 of 9

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The procedure has seven episodes, each of which last three minutes - what are they?

Back

Child explores, stranger comes in, child + stranger left alone, caregiver returns, leaves child alone, stranger returns, caregiver returns

Card 3

Front

What is Type A attachment and what does it consist of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Type B attachment and what does it consist of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is Type C attachment and what does it consist of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »