Agro

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  • Created by: Amh
  • Created on: 11-04-13 11:56
Bandura and Walters 1963
Believed that aggression could not be explained via traditional learning theory, as SLT suggests we also learn through vicarious reinforcement
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Bandura 1961
PPs + children aged 3-5yrs, the experimental group were exposed to an adult model acting aggressivley toowards a bobo doll, kids were then frustrated, then they were taken to a room of toys, those in the exp. group copied the adult models behavior.
2 of 17
Bandura 1963
Repeated his 61 study, but with to find out why? Kids were put in three groups, 1 group saw adults rewarded for agr. 2 saw them punished, 3 saw no implications. G1 more agr. G2 less, G3 medium. Vicarious reinforcement in action.
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Noble
Reports that on arrival one child said "look mummy, there's the doll we have to hit". Questioning the validity - demand characteristics
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Bandura ( a later study)
Responding to criticisms of low internal validity, he showed kids a film of aa women beating up a live clown, they were then taken into another room with a live clown, they beat the **** out of it.
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Williams 81
Found that aggression in Canadian children increased after the introduction of T.V - real life application (RWA)
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Phillips et al
Showed that SLT is not just limited to children he found homicide rates increased in America following a big boxing match
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Bandura 1986
In order for SLT to take place mental representation of social environment and expectancy of outcome
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Gustav Le Bon
Classic crowd theory, contribution of anonymity, suggestability, contagion, means a collective mind takes place, as result the individual becomes capable of ignoring personal/social norms
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Zimbardo 1969
Groups of 4 undergraduates gave shocks to aid learning, half were deindiviualised e.g. hoods, not referred to by names, the others were personally introduced and in mufti, those that were deindivdualised shocked more. Anonymity = important
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Mann 1981
In 10/21 suicides when a crowd occurred the jumper was 'baited' . This was more coomon in dark conditions, when the crowd was some distance away
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Mullen 1986
Analysed data from 60 lynchings and found when a crowd occurred the victim was killed with greater savagery
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Rehm et al
Put a groups of german school kids in handball teams, half were given orange uniforms, those in uniforms were far more aggressive.
13 of 17
Prentice-Dunn
Believed the agression from deindivualised individuals was not from anonymity but from reduced self awareness, as it essentially means they are unable to regulate their own beliefs
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Francis
The increased anonymity of the internet was leading teenagers to be pro-active in combating issues they'd been having, that they were to embarressed to about with doctors - prosocial
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Cannavale 1970
Found that male and female groups respond differently under deindividualised conditions. An increased aggr. was found in all male groups only
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Diener et al 1975
Found greater disinhibition of aggre. in males. Indicating males may be more prone to disinhibition of aggressive behaviours when deindiviualised than women
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

PPs + children aged 3-5yrs, the experimental group were exposed to an adult model acting aggressivley toowards a bobo doll, kids were then frustrated, then they were taken to a room of toys, those in the exp. group copied the adult models behavior.

Back

Bandura 1961

Card 3

Front

Repeated his 61 study, but with to find out why? Kids were put in three groups, 1 group saw adults rewarded for agr. 2 saw them punished, 3 saw no implications. G1 more agr. G2 less, G3 medium. Vicarious reinforcement in action.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reports that on arrival one child said "look mummy, there's the doll we have to hit". Questioning the validity - demand characteristics

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Responding to criticisms of low internal validity, he showed kids a film of aa women beating up a live clown, they were then taken into another room with a live clown, they beat the **** out of it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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