Agriculture and industry

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Rearrangement reaction
the carbon skeleton of a molecule is rearranged to give a structural isomer of the original molecule. % atom economy=100%
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Addition reaction
a reaction in which one molecule combines with another to form a larger molecule with no other products. % atom economy=100%
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Substitution reaction
one functional group in a chemical compound is replaced by another functional group. % atom economy=lower than rearrangement and addition reactions
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Elimination reaction
two substituents are removed from a molecule in either a one or two-step mechanism. % atom economy=lower than all other reactions.
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Atom economy=
(Mr useful product/total Mr reactants) x 100
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principles of green industry
minimise waste, reduce energy consumption and reduce feed-stock consumption
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Properties of materials are determined by:
types of particles in the material (atoms, ions or molecules), bonding in the material (covalent, ionic, itermolecular bonds), structure present in the material (giant lattice, molecular or macromolecular)
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Card 2

Front

Addition reaction

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a reaction in which one molecule combines with another to form a larger molecule with no other products. % atom economy=100%

Card 3

Front

Substitution reaction

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Elimination reaction

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Atom economy=

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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