Aggression Studies

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Social Learning Theory
Bandura = bobo doll, child observes aggressive adult and is aggressive, Bandura and Walters = positive consequence creates more aggression, Walters and Thomas = adults who were shown a violent film gave higher shocks in a milgram replication
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Deindividuation
Zimbardo = all female Ps, anonymized them in white hoods and gowns, anonymous participants gave higher shocks, Johnson and Downing = surgical gowns and masks, anonymous gave lower shocks, Watson = 23 war orientated cultures, masked tortured captives
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Importation Model
Irwin and Cressey - young, impoverished background increased aggression, different culture affected aggression. Keller and Wang = max security prisons report high prisoner on staff assaults
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Power of the Situation and Dehumanising Labels
Zimbardo = mock prison, ended early because guards displayed extreme aggression, Bandura = students overheard "animal"/"nice" animal group gave higher shocks
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Genetics
McGuffin and Gottesman - concordance rate, MZ =87%, DZ=72%, Hutchings and Mednick - correlation between violent crime of adopted son and biological father compared to adoptive father
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Warrior Gene
Brunner - urine samples showed higher levels of neurotransmitter chemicals, Vishnevetskaya - Tg8 mice showed aggression but not to sleeping/juvenile mice, Dutch Family - could not control impulsive aggresion
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Hormonal Mechanisms
Kreuz and Rose - testosterone levels related to nature of crime, 10 most violent had highest levels, Josephs - men and women with high testosterone reacted negatively to a loss in status
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Neural Mechanisms
Crocket - tryptophan, day without Ps reacted aggressively to unfair deals, Davidson - violent criminals had lower serotonin than non violent criminals
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Infidelity and Sexual Jealousy
Buss - men value sexual faithfulness women value emotional faithfulness, Daly and Wilson - 80 murder victims, 29% arose out of sexual jealousy, Miller - 44 victims, 55% out of sexual jealousy, 25% infidelity, mate retention behaviours
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Group Displays - War
Chagnon - Yanamano tribe, successful warriors had more wives and children, Bosnian War - 50,000 muslim women were **** by Serbians
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Group Displays - Sporting Events
Caildini - university football, winning meant more identifying clothes and saying "We won", losing meant "they lost", Marsh - although fans appear ultra violent, displays rarely become physical
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Card 2

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Deindividuation

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Zimbardo = all female Ps, anonymized them in white hoods and gowns, anonymous participants gave higher shocks, Johnson and Downing = surgical gowns and masks, anonymous gave lower shocks, Watson = 23 war orientated cultures, masked tortured captives

Card 3

Front

Importation Model

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Card 4

Front

Power of the Situation and Dehumanising Labels

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Card 5

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Genetics

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