Aggression - SS1 - Social Psychological Explanations - Research

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Which 3 psychologists support the social learning theory of aggression?
Bandura, Patterson et al and Hollins & Howells
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What year was Bandura's study?
1961
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What was Bandura's aim?
To see if children would copy and adults aggressive or non-aggressive behaviour with a bobo doll
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What did Bandura find?
Children in the aggressive condition were most aggressive
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What year was Patterson et al's study?
1989
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What did Patterson et al find to be important in aggression?
Role models
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What year was Hollins & Howells study?
1997
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What was found about abusive parents?
Their children were more likely to abuse also
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Which 3 psychologists support the deindividuation theory?
Zimbardo, Zimbardo & Frazer
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What year was Zimbardo's Stanford Prison experiment?
1973
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What was Zimbardo's aim?
To investigate how readily people would conform to roles of guard and prisoner
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What was found in Zimbardo's study?
Guards began harassing prisoners and became aggressive, prisoners were very distressed
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When was Zimbardo's 2nd study?
1970
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What were female college students asked to do in Zimbardo's 2nd study?
A learning task & had to give electric shocks to other members of group
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In Zimbardo's 2nd study, what was found about ppts, wearing name tags?
Gave less shocks, as identity was enhanced
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When was Frazer's study?
1974
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What did Frazer investigate the effects of?
Halloween costumes on children's behaviour
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What was found in Frazer's study?
Children played more aggressively whilst wearing costumes
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Who went against the deindividuation theory?
Johnson & Downing (1979)
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What didd Johnson and Downing find about people dressed in a nurses uniform?
They would be less likely to give electric shocks to people
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Which 3 psychologists support the importation model?
Mills et al, Kane & Janus and Irwin & Cressey
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What did Mills et al (1981) find an association between, using the Alcohol Dependence Scale?
Serious institutional misconduct and more severe levels of alcohol dependence
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Which factors did Kane & Janus (1981) find to be associated with a greater likelihood of aggresstion whilst in prison?
Unemployment, lower level of education, more serious criminal record & race (usually non-white)
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What did Irwin & Cressey (1962) find about one time offenders?
They are normally perceived by other inmates as 'straights', showing they reject other, more aggressive subcultures
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Which 3 psychologists support the Deprivation Model?
Blomberg & Lucken, Sykes and Johnston
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What did Blomberg & Lucken (2000) find that prisoners have to gain permission to do?
Eat, sleep, shower & interact = harder to maintain relationships
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According to Sykes (1958) what does the deprivation of goods and services bring about?
A sense of failure to many prisoners
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What did Johnston (1991) find about overcrowding in prison?
It leads to increased aggression due to the increased competition for resources
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1961

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What did Bandura find?

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What year was Patterson et al's study?

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