Aggression (Social learning theory) AQA A2 Psychology

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what is aggression?
A form of behaviour in which an individual intends to harm another who does not wish to be harmed either emotionally, physically or mentally.
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Who is the leading theorist for social learning theory?
Bandura
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How does he argue that we learn behaviour
through observing others
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What would make behaviour more likely to be imitated?
If it is a role model being observed
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What is a role model?
people who we admire in some way
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What would make a role model more likely to be imitated?
If they are the same sex, similar age, highly admired etc
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What is vicarious reinforcement?
When the aggressive behaviour that is observed is seen to have positive consequences, the observer is more likely to imitate such behaviour
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In order for SLT to take place what must the individual form?
mental representations of whats going on (so cognition plays a role)
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Name a study linked to SLT
Bandura's bobo doll experiment 1961
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Briefly explain the method
Matched pairs according to aggression levels. Observe aduly either: hitting bobo doll, being non aggressive or ignoring it. Children then play with toys when adult leaves.
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What was found?
those who saw the aggressive aduly hit the doll were more aggresive than those who saw the non-aggressive adult.
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Ground this study to SLT
This study supports slt because it shows the children observing and imitating the behaviour of adults and forming mental representations to mimick the behaviour.
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Name another study linked to SLT
Bandura and Walters 1963
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Briefly explain the method
Children shown a film of an adult being aggressive to a bobo doll. Group 1: saw rewards for aggressiveness. Group 2: saw punishment. Group 3: saw no consequences. The children then played with a bobo doll.
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What was found?
Group 1 were most aggressive followed by group 3 then group 2.
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Ground this study to SLT
This study supports SLT as it shows vicarious reinforcement. Reward for aggressiveness was imitated as the children also desired that same reward so imitated the behaviour.
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Comment on the external validity of the studies
Lacking in mundane realism (use of a doll et, film etc), very specific sample (stanford uni nursrey school)
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Which IDA point would be appropriate here?
Nurture- suggest aggression is solely learnt through observation rather than it being a genetic/hormonal influenece.
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Card 2

Front

Who is the leading theorist for social learning theory?

Back

Bandura

Card 3

Front

How does he argue that we learn behaviour

Back

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Card 4

Front

What would make behaviour more likely to be imitated?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What is a role model?

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