Age Inequality Explanations

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Functionalist - Talcott Parsons
Meritocracy, disengagement & nuclear family roles
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Evalutation of Functionalism/Parsons
Furlong and Cartmel - paths not set in modern societies so meritocracty irrelevant / / Feminists - nuclear families not longer as functional because the 'feminist role' is no longer clearly defined
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Marxist - Karl Marx
Reserve Army of Labour e.g. Christmas temps & state dependency ligitmised ruling class powerful position
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Marxist - Stuart Hall
Scapegoating - old people = drain on resources
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Evaluation of Marxism
No explanation why young & old people marginalised more than others
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Interactionist - Hockey and James
Social construction & label resistance
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Evaluation of Interactionism
Non-negotiable elements of age e.g. decline in physical strength
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Weberian - Barren and Norris
Dual Labour Market
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Weberian - Parkin
Social closure - exlusion & usurption
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Weberian - McKingsley
Retirement = loss of status
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Evaluation of Weberian Theory
Too descriptive; not enough analysis / / tautological arguement
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Postmodernist - Jane Pilcher (1995)
Deinstituationalisation & destandardisation of life course
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Postmodernist - Featherstone and Hepworth (1991)
Middle class life course deconstructing - how old you feel/look, not chronological age
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Postmodernist - Andrew Blaikie (1999)
Change in attitudes towards retirement & old age / / elderly status found in consumer culture e.g. SAGA holidays
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Evaluation of Postmodernism
Underplay the role of gender, ethnicity and class divisions in old age experience e.g. white male in higher class = more prosperous and fulfilling retirement / / exaggerate the degree to which society has been freed from the influence of age
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Card 2

Front

Furlong and Cartmel - paths not set in modern societies so meritocracty irrelevant / / Feminists - nuclear families not longer as functional because the 'feminist role' is no longer clearly defined

Back

Evalutation of Functionalism/Parsons

Card 3

Front

Reserve Army of Labour e.g. Christmas temps & state dependency ligitmised ruling class powerful position

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Scapegoating - old people = drain on resources

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

No explanation why young & old people marginalised more than others

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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