Age and Crime

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Status frustration
Cohen argues that young people are motivated by status frustration due to blocked opportunities. Reject mainstream norms and values and replace with alternatives e.g. negativistic acts to strike back at society and gain status
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Weakened social bond
Criminal activity likely when individuals bonds to society are weakened e.g. lack of integration.
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Drift
Matza suggests social frustration weakens sense of identity and leaves in state of drift. Peer group provides identity, excitement and status making young people vulnerable to occasional criminal acts. Lessens with age as clearly defined adult status
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Peer group status and focal concerns
Miller suggests they're more likely to as subculture has focal concerns such as toughness and masculinity, smartness, fatalism, excitement and thrills, autonomy and freedom and trouble
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Edgework and thrill of crime
Katz and Lyng argue that pleasure of thrill seeking and risk taking outweigh risk of being caught and actual material gain. Peer group offer support for criminal activity.
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Masculinity
Messerschmidt argues crime helps young males express their masculinity.
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Labelling theorists
Some more likely to commit due to weakened social bonds and status frustration so more likely to be observed by police and hence caught. Powerless more likely to be labelled/convicted. Deviance amplified by labelling and labelled gain master status
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Introduction
OCS and BCS suggest most crime is committed by young people. Young boys most likely to offend. 92% of first 500 offenders in 2011 London Riots were males.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Criminal activity likely when individuals bonds to society are weakened e.g. lack of integration.

Back

Weakened social bond

Card 3

Front

Matza suggests social frustration weakens sense of identity and leaves in state of drift. Peer group provides identity, excitement and status making young people vulnerable to occasional criminal acts. Lessens with age as clearly defined adult status

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Miller suggests they're more likely to as subculture has focal concerns such as toughness and masculinity, smartness, fatalism, excitement and thrills, autonomy and freedom and trouble

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Katz and Lyng argue that pleasure of thrill seeking and risk taking outweigh risk of being caught and actual material gain. Peer group offer support for criminal activity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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