Afrikaner culture and politics

  • Created by: 12jones_M
  • Created on: 18-02-19 11:04
Afrikaner Culture
Afrikaners were descended from white settlers called Boers who came largley from Holland and Germany.
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Afrikaner characteristics
Extremley racist, laager mentality- exemplified by their determination to proceed with aparthied and white supremacy.
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White justification for segregation
Ignorance and fears for their own safety if Africans were given political or economic rights. Segregation from whites was nin the Africans interests.
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Afrikaner politics ( before the second world war)
During the interwar years Afrikaners developed their own identity and institutions, this included the Broederbund, a movement set up in 1918 and dedicated to promoting their interests.
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The influence of Britain
English speaking parties dominated the South African government during the interwar years.
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Afrikaner resented British influence
They had been defeated in the Boer War of 1899 to 1902. Resented south african support for the british during ww1. they resented english speakers dominance in the economy.
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Reasons for the National Party victory in 1948
In 1948 elections, National Party won 79 seats to the United Party's 71. The new governemnt was committed to an extensive polic of apartheid.
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The Impact of the Second World War
Outbreak of war divided the whites. English speakers supported the allies and Afrikaners supported Nazi Germany.
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Economic effects of war
Need for labour meant laws relating to empolyment of Africans relaxed. 25% of 125,000 extra workers employed in manafacturing during the war were white.
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The growth of Afrikaner nationalism
In 1938 the Voortrekker monument, celebrating the centenary of the Battle of Blood River, was built: it created a real sense of Afrikaner identity/. Afrikaner finance concerns were developed to help Afrikaners set up their own businesses.
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The growth of Afrikaner nationalism
The Dutch Reformed Church provided Afrikaner schools and cultural activities to develop a pride in Afrikaner identity. The Dutch Reformed Church provided Afrikaner schools and cultural activities to develop Afrikaner identity.
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Fear of United Party moderation of racial policies
Many whites distrusted the United Party on it's racial policies. Smuts emphasised that Africans should continue to live in strictly segregated and regulated communities, the National Party focused on their campaigns on the attacks of this policy.
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Afrikaner support of the Nazi's
180,000 men joined the allied forces. However, many joined the Oxwagon Sentinel foremd after the battle of blood river and by 1939 it had 250,000 members.
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International pressure for change
International response to National Party victory was muted as many European countries such as Britain and France still had empires in Africa.
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United Nations
First international discussion on apartheid came by India in 1946. After that the UN condemned apartheid every year from 1952.
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United Nations
USA was influential in Un and its Security Council. South Africa avoided pressure to change because it was an ally in the resistance agaisnt the spread of communism.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Extremley racist, laager mentality- exemplified by their determination to proceed with aparthied and white supremacy.

Back

Afrikaner characteristics

Card 3

Front

Ignorance and fears for their own safety if Africans were given political or economic rights. Segregation from whites was nin the Africans interests.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

During the interwar years Afrikaners developed their own identity and institutions, this included the Broederbund, a movement set up in 1918 and dedicated to promoting their interests.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

English speaking parties dominated the South African government during the interwar years.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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