Advantages and Disadvantages of UK electoral systems

Advantages of FPTP
strong link between MP and voters, keeps small extremist parties out, simple and easy to run and understand, produces strong single-party government
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Disadvantages of FPTP
large numbers of votes wasted, benefits concentrated support not broad support, encourages tactical voting, safe seats, hard to start a new party, keeps out smaller third parties, isn't proportional, votes don't equal seats
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Advantages of CPL
high degree of proportionality, every vote has the same value, simple for voters, could used to increase women/ethnic minorities
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Disadvantages of CPL
weak link between MP and votes, limited choice as there is no say over the MP
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Advantages of AMS
each voter has at least 1 effective vote, mostly proportional, allows voters to show personal support in the FPTP vote and party support in the List vote
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Disadvantages of AMS
complex, possibility that the List MP would be overshadowed by the personally chosen FPTP MP
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Advantages of STV
simple, no wasted votes, ensures wide spread representation in a very divided society, gives governments a strong mandate
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Disadvantages of STV
difficult to run ad the surplus calculation is complex, means long counting period and large expense, can lead to coalitions, requires very large constituencies, weak MP-constituency link
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Advantages of SV
simple for the voters to use, encourages positive campaigning
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Disadvantages of SV
many wasted votes, the winner does not necessarily have the support of over 50% of the electorate
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Advantages of AV
eliminates tactical voting, all MPs would have majority support, retain current constituencies, coalitions are no more likely than in FPTP
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Disadvantages of AV
promotes a central view point, doesn't stop two party dominance, prone to "donkey voting"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

large numbers of votes wasted, benefits concentrated support not broad support, encourages tactical voting, safe seats, hard to start a new party, keeps out smaller third parties, isn't proportional, votes don't equal seats

Back

Disadvantages of FPTP

Card 3

Front

high degree of proportionality, every vote has the same value, simple for voters, could used to increase women/ethnic minorities

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

weak link between MP and votes, limited choice as there is no say over the MP

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

each voter has at least 1 effective vote, mostly proportional, allows voters to show personal support in the FPTP vote and party support in the List vote

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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