Advanced English Terminology

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Genre, Audience, Purpose, Discourse structure, Pragmatics, Phonology, Syntax, Lexis, Rhetorical devices, Grammar, Figurative Language and Tone
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Adjacency Pairs
Parallel expressions uses between individuals in conversation. Eg) How are you? / Fine thanks
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Back-Channel
Words, Phrases and non-verbal utterances used by a listener to give feedback to speaker. Eg) 'I see' 'oh' 'uh huh' 'really'
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Contraction
Reduced form of a word. Eg) Can't = Cannot, She'll = She will
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Elision
Omission or slurring of sounds or syllables of individual words. Eg) gonna = going to, wannabe = want to be
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Deixis
Words that refer to something previously in the text, verbal pointing. Eg) 'This' 'That' 'There'
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Discourse Marker
Words that are used to signal a change in subject. Eg) 'Anyway moving on....' 'Whats more..' 'On the other hand'
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Grice's Maxims
Grice proposed 4 basic conversational rules for a 'Successful conversation': 1) Quantity - don't say too much or too little. 2) Relevance - keep to the point. 3) Manner - speak clearly an coherently. 4) Quality - be truthful
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Idiolect
an individual's distinctive style of speaking
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Sociolect
A group of people's distinctive style of speaking
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Prosodic Features
Includes: stress, rhythm, pitch, tempo and intonation which all carry various connotations and denotations specific to the speaker and conversation
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Non-fluency Features
Typical and normal characteristics of spoken language that interrupt the flow of the speech. Eg) Hesitations, false starts, fillers, repetitions, overlaps and intrruptions
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Paralinguistic Features
Related to body language
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Parallel expressions uses between individuals in conversation. Eg) How are you? / Fine thanks

Back

Adjacency Pairs

Card 3

Front

Words, Phrases and non-verbal utterances used by a listener to give feedback to speaker. Eg) 'I see' 'oh' 'uh huh' 'really'

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reduced form of a word. Eg) Can't = Cannot, She'll = She will

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Omission or slurring of sounds or syllables of individual words. Eg) gonna = going to, wannabe = want to be

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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