Adaptations

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Describe one way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Large surface area compared to volume, allowing them to lose more body heat which stops them from overheating.
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Describe another way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Efficient with water - they lose less water by producing small amounts of concentrated urine, and they also make very little sweat. Camels do this by tolerating big changes in body temp., and kangaroo rats live in burrows where it's cool.
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Describe another way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Good in hot conditions - desert animals have very thin layers of body fat and a thin coat to help them lose body heat - camels keep nearly all their fat in their humps.
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Describe another way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Camouflage - a sandy colour gives good camouflage, helping them avoid predators, or sneak up on prey.
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Describe one way in which artic animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Small surface area compared to volume - compact shape to keep their surface area to a minimum, reducing heat loss.
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Describe another way in which artic animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Well insulated - thick layer of blubber for insulation, which also acts as an energy store when food is scarce, and thick hair coats to keep body heat in as well as greasy fur that sheds water, preventing cooling due to evaporation.
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Describe another way in which artic animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
e.g. Camouflage - arctic animals have white fur to help them avoid predators, or sneak up on prey.
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Describe one way in which desert plants are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
Small surface area compared to volume - plants lose water vapour from surface of leaves, cacti have spines instead of leaves to reduce water loss. Small surface area compared to size (1000x smaller than normal plants) - reduces water loss.
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Describe another way in which desert plants are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
Water storage tissues - e.g. a cactus stores water in its thick stem.
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Describe another way in which desert plants are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.
Maximising water absorption - some cacti have shallow but extensive roots to absorb water quickly over a large area. Others have deep roots to access underground water.
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Describe some ways in which some plants and animals are adapted to deter predators from eating them.
Some have armour - roses (thorns), cacti (sharp spines) and tortoises (shells). Others produce poisons - like bees and poison ivy. Some have warning colours, like wasps.
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Describe how microorganisms are adapted to living in a wide range of environments.
Some, like bacteria, are known as extremophiles - they're adapted to live in seriously extreme conditions like volcanic vents, salty lakes or at high pressure on the sea bed.
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Card 2

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Describe another way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.

Back

e.g. Efficient with water - they lose less water by producing small amounts of concentrated urine, and they also make very little sweat. Camels do this by tolerating big changes in body temp., and kangaroo rats live in burrows where it's cool.

Card 3

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Describe another way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe another way in which desert animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe one way in which artic animals are adapted to their environment and how this is effective.

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Preview of the front of card 5
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