Adaptation for Survival

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1. Why do plants often reduce the surface area of their leaves?

  • To reduce heat loss.
  • To reduce water loss.
  • Because it looks cool.
  • To fit in with the other plants around them.
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2. What are the special features called, that living organisms use to survive in their particular habitat?

  • Instincts
  • Inheritance
  • Adaptations
  • Mutations

3. Why is it important seeds are spread far away from the parent plant?

  • So that the parent plant cannot take away most of the water, nutrients and light.
  • So that the parent plant has no chances in killing the offspring.
  • Because parent plants want the offspring to take a look at the wider world.
  • So that the offspring can find a new place to develop adaptations and survive there.

4. What makes a successful competitor amongst animals?

  • Having a good immune system so no diseases affect them.
  • Being popular amongst other animals so they know not to mess with them.
  • Having adaptations to the environment they live in.
  • Having good genes so that they can survive easily.

5. How do plants acquire water in hot and dry climates?

  • They start to wilt and pretend to die so that they can be watered.
  • They hibernate until it rains, when they begin to grow again.
  • They have extensive root systems that spread over a wide area.
  • They tend to move towards water, moving around a millimetre each day.


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