Adaptation for Survival

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1. What is a thermophile?

  • Organisms that have specially adapted enzymes that do not denature and so work at very high temperatures.
  • Animals that have specially adapted organs that do not die and so work at very low temperatures.
  • Organisms that have specially adapted enzymes that do not denature and so work at very low temperatures.
  • Animals that have specially adapted organs that do not die and so work at very high temperatures.
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2. Why is it important seeds are spread far away from the parent plant?

  • So that the offspring can find a new place to develop adaptations and survive there.
  • So that the parent plant has no chances in killing the offspring.
  • So that the parent plant cannot take away most of the water, nutrients and light.
  • Because parent plants want the offspring to take a look at the wider world.

3. A star-nosed mole has adapted to have a reaction time of 230 milliseconds. Why?

  • Because it has ultra sensitive tendrils that can try out 13 possible targets every second.
  • Because it is adapted to take its prey by surprise and efficiency.
  • Because it is almost totally blind and dependant on other senses such as touch.
  • Because it is incredibly sensitive to touch and smell yet very odd to look at.

4. What are the organisms that survive and reproduce in the most difficult conditions known as?

  • Extremophiles
  • Outrageous
  • Enzymes
  • Abnormal

5. What helps animals to cool down in hot and dry climates?

  • The surface area of the thinly skinned areas of their bodies, like their ears, is usually very small.
  • Staying active in the early morning and late evening.
  • Having a layer of blubber beneath their skins.
  • Having a thick fur coat to prevent heat from entering.

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