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What does each state have?
Its governor, its own legislative body and its own Supreme Court
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How does a territory become a state?
Assume territorial status, elect a territorial government, then when the population reaches 60,000 it submits its Constitution to Congress and applies to become a state
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Congress (The Legislative) makes laws. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. How does the Senate work?
Senate & House of Representatives. Two Senators represent each state (no matter how large or small the state). Senators sit for 6 years and one third come up for re-election every 2 years.
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Congress (The Legislative) makes laws. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. How does the House of Representatives work?
Members of the HoR represent constituencies based on population. The House is elected en masse every 2 years. Both houses of Congress need to agree before a law can be carried out. Congress can also override a presidential veto.
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Give details about the President.
Elected every 4 years by ELECTORAL COLLEGE (selected by party with most votrs in each state). President appoints own ministers who sit in the Cabinet but are forbidden to sit in Congress.
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The Supreme Court is the highest court. What does it do?
Approves the laws and decides whether they are Constitutional.
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By the 1820s almost all white males had the right to vote. Who was associated with the rise of democracy?
President Andrew Jackson (1829-37) - a successful soldier, politician and SLAVE-HOLDING landowner. Claimed to represent the 'common man'.
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What did the Democrats believe? Where was the party strongest?
Most issues (not just slavery) should be decided at state, not federal, level. Opposed gov. intervention in economic matters. Said that US would prosper if tariffs were lowered. Strongest in South/West but also some Northern/Irish Catholic support.
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What did the Whigs believe? Where was the party strongest?
More likely to favour gov. intervention in social/economic matters. Supported higher tariffs and gov.-sponsored internal improvements (e.g. railway building). Northern Whigs supported slavery abolition.
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Fill in the gaps. The Democrat Party was usually the .......... party. Between .... and .... it held a majority of seats in both the .......... and the .......... in .... of the seven Congresses.
Dominant, 1840 and 1854, House of Representatives and the Senate, five of seven Congresses.
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What was patronage? Why was it used?
The giving of jobs or priveleges to supporters. Used as an essential way of preserving and promoting party unity.
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When did Congress meet and sit until?
It met in December and sat until March.
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Fill in the gaps: In 1860 the top .........% of free adult males owned ...........% of the wealth. The bottom 50% owned only ..........%.
5%, 53%, 1%
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In the period 1800-50, how much did the USA's gross national product increase by? How much did per capita income increase?
Increased seven-fold. Per capita income doubled.
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What was the USA's population in 1840 and 1860? What was the cause of population growth?
1840 = 17 million, 1860 = 31 million. Population growth due to immigration, especially from Ireland and Germany.
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Between 1840 and 1860, how much did food production increase by?
Increased four-fold.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How does a territory become a state?

Back

Assume territorial status, elect a territorial government, then when the population reaches 60,000 it submits its Constitution to Congress and applies to become a state

Card 3

Front

Congress (The Legislative) makes laws. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. How does the Senate work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Congress (The Legislative) makes laws. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. How does the House of Representatives work?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give details about the President.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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