Acids and Bases Definitions

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Bronsted-Lowry Acid
Proton donor
1 of 15
Bronsted-Lowry Base
Proton acceptor
2 of 15
Lewis Acid
electron pair acceptor
3 of 15
Lewis Base
electron pair donor
4 of 15
Strong acid/base
completely dissociates into ions in aqeuous solution
5 of 15
Weak acid/base
partially dissociates into ions in aqeuous solution
6 of 15
Monoprotic acid
acids where 1 mole of acid donates 1 mole H+
7 of 15
Diprotic acid
acids where 1 mole of acid donates 2 moles H+
8 of 15
Acid-base equilibria
involves proton transfer/formation of ions
9 of 15
pH
-log[H+] ALWAYS TO 2 DP
10 of 15
[H+]
10^(-pH)
11 of 15
Kw
ionic product of water = [H+][OH-]. At 298K Kw = 1.00x10^-14 mol^2dm^-6
12 of 15
Ka
acidity constant ([H+][A-])/([HA]
13 of 15
pKa
-logKa
14 of 15
[H+]
sqrt(Ka x [acid])
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Proton acceptor

Back

Bronsted-Lowry Base

Card 3

Front

electron pair acceptor

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

electron pair donor

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

completely dissociates into ions in aqeuous solution

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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