Accuracy Of Eyewitness Testimonies: Misleading Information

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What is Misleading Information?
This may effect what you remember/recall about an event
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What are leading questions?
Questions that suggest the desired answer
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Who did a study on this and when?
Loftus And Palmer, 1974
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What was the procedure for experiment 1?
Critical questions containing smashed , collided, bumped, hit and contacted - leading questions
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What were the findings of this experiment?
Leading questions affects the response given by participants
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What was the procedure of experiment 2?
Participants were asked if they saw any broken glass in the video footage(there was no broken glass)
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What are the findings?
The verb altered participants memory of the event, and therefore participants were more likely to report broken glass.
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What is post event discussion?
May contaminate eyewitness's memory of an event
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What is conformity effect?
This is when a participants recollection is influenced by discussion with others
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What is repeat interviewing?
This is especially problematic with child witnesses
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EVALUATION: Supporting Evidence
Braun et al, 2002, shown misleading information about Bugs bunny and Ariel being at disney land when they were not - it altered participants recall
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EVALUATION: EWT in real life
It may be more accurate in real life because lab studies were not taken seriously
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Card 2

Front

What are leading questions?

Back

Questions that suggest the desired answer

Card 3

Front

Who did a study on this and when?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What was the procedure for experiment 1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the findings of this experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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