Absolutism and Relativism

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What are some qualities of absolutism?
Unchanging, deontological, universal
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What are some qualities of relativism?
Right/wrong can change, guidelines not rules, teleolgical
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Some absolutist ethical theories
Natural law , Kantian ethics
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some relativist ethical theories
situation ethics, utilitarianism,
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What is virtue ethics?
A theory saying that doing the right thing makes you a better person, it's a person centered ethical theory
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Absolutist scholars
Plato was an absolutist. Where protagorus asked "what's good for you?" Plato went on to ask "What is goodness itself?"
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Downfalls of absolutism
Intolerant of cultural causing cultural supremecy, unemotional, unrealistic
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Pros of absolutism
Clear morals, makes choices easier,
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Relativist scholars
Protagorus thought two opposing moral statements could both be true, William Graham sumner said "The right way is the way which ancestors used and which has been handed down" and J.L.Mackie said there are no objective values.
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What did King Darius discover about relativism?
In his book the histories he discovered that some greeks cremated their dead fathers whilst others ate them! when asked to swap they were outraged and this shows that neither is wrong but only different.
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Downfalls of relativism #1
The slippery slope dilemma worries that good will turn into 'socially acceptable' and with such freedom we will lose our morals. In allowing cultural diversity harm may be caused, for example murder or **** may be accepted in some cultures.
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Downfalls of relativism
Hypocritical to say that there being no objective truth is 'an objective truth' it's self contridictory
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Pros of relativism
allows cultural diversity,
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Card 2

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What are some qualities of relativism?

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Right/wrong can change, guidelines not rules, teleolgical

Card 3

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Some absolutist ethical theories

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Card 4

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some relativist ethical theories

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Card 5

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What is virtue ethics?

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