Abortion and Euthanasia Key Terms

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  • Created by: Moldred
  • Created on: 30-04-16 21:57
Abortion
The act of deliberately terminating a pregnancy, usually before 24 weeks.
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Abortion Act 1967
The first law in England, Scotland and Wales, that legalised abortion
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Conception
The moment when the sperm fertilises the egg.
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Doctrine of Double Effect
An act whereby the main intention is to do good, by which may have a bad side effect. the good intention makes the action right.
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Embryo
Fertilised ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of the womb.
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Ensoulment
The moment when the soul enters the body (Christian 40 for a boy, 90 days for a girl)
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Foetus
Fertilised ovum from 8 weeks
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Human fertilisation and Embryo act 1990
The emendmum to the Abortion act 1967 which changed the cut off date for abortions from 28 weeks to 24 weeks
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Imago Dei
We are created in the image of God
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Liberty
Freedom to make their own choices
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Potential
The ability to develop into a human being
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Pro-choice
The woman should have the choice of abortion, the right to control the body
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Pro-life
The belief that abortion is wrong and the life of the potential human should be preserved.
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Quality of Life
A measure of fulfillment, dependent on individual circumstances.
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Sanctity of Life
Life is God given and therefore sacred and should be protected and preserved.
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Self- determination
being able to make your own choices
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Natural Law
Asks what our design or purpose is as humans. One primary precept is to protect and preserve the innocent which leads to another precept Do not abort.
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Euthanasia
A termination of a human life, either with or without their consent, as a way to alleviate pain or remove suffering
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Active euthanasia
Actively and deliberately causes the persons death
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Passive euthanasia
Causing death through withdrawing or withholding treatment
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Voluntary euthanasia
When a person requests euthanasia as a plan if they are ever unable to voice their opinion e.g if in a coma.
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Non-voluntary euthanasia
The decision is made for the person when they are unable to make the decision for themselves without their consent e.g if in a coma, brain damaged or too young to make the decision.
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Involuntary euthanasia
The person may have expressed wishes to continue living, however the choice is made anyway as a to stop their suffering
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Living will
A document that specifies an individuals wishes regarding care and treatment if he or she becomes incapacitated.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The first law in England, Scotland and Wales, that legalised abortion

Back

Abortion Act 1967

Card 3

Front

The moment when the sperm fertilises the egg.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

An act whereby the main intention is to do good, by which may have a bad side effect. the good intention makes the action right.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fertilised ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of the womb.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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