Abnormality

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  • Created by: Sopha8
  • Created on: 12-03-15 15:58
Give the one of the three definitions of abnormality and evaluate it
Devitation from social norms- Dont conform with what society views as normal (unwritten rules) limitation: varies in time and context, abnormal in one culture might be seen as normal in another
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Give the one of the three definitions of abnormality and evaluate it
Deviation from ideal mental health- self attitude, personal growth, integration and acurate perception of reality limitations- cultural differnces, how many have to be met for ideal mental health
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Give the one of the three definitions of abnormality and evaluate it
Failure to function adequately- behaviour interfers with daily functioning limitations-cultural different lifestyles, behavioiur that is viewed as dysfunctional may have adaptive benefits
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Outline the main idea of each of the 4 approaches to psychopathology
1 biological- mental disorder as consequence of malfunctioning biological systems 2 Psychodynamic-abnormal behaviour as a result of pscholoical conficts 3 Behavioural- all behaviour is learnt 4 cognitive- faulty internal thinking
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Explain and evaluate the cognitive approach
ABC model, faulty thinking eg overgenralisation, dichotomous, catastrophsing. CT as effecive as antidepressants limitations- overlook causes of thinking, cause or effect? negative beliefs may be realistic
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Explain and evaluate the biological approach
causes: genetic inheritance of abnomalities in brain antomy/abnormal neuroantomy or viral infection limitations- 'invented as form of social control', causes effect-different for individuals, no evidence for purley genetic causes
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Explain and evaluate the pschodynamic approach
ID, ego and superego conflicts, childhood experiances affect lives, ego defence mechanisms can causes abnormal behviour eg denial, repression, projection, regression, limitations- not testable, frued theory sexist
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Explain and evaluate the behavioural approach
classical conditioning- assiciation eg little Albert, operant conditioning- + or - reinforcement, social learning limitations- treating symptoms not cause, phobias not always experince it waslearnt from
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Outline drug therapies
Antidepressant- reduce rate of reabsorbtion of serotonin/block enzmyes limitation-Kirsch found placebo as effective antipsychotic- block binding site of dopamine receptor WHO lower relapse to placebo. limitations of drug- side effects, treat symptom
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What is ECT?
Electroconvulsive therapy involves small electric shock through brain, helps in emergency,Cromer- 70% effective, limitations- relapse within 6 months, sham as effective
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What is Psychoanalysis?
therapy to gain insight into repressed memories, free association, therapist interpretation Bergin 80% effective, limitation-false memories, freud theory not testable
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What is systematic de-sensitisation used for and how does it work?
treating phobias gradually by using heirachy and relaxation techniques, limitations- only suppresing symtoms
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Outline and evaluate cognitive behavioural therapy
REBT- challange irrational belifes and self-defeating thoughts ABCDEF model meta-analysis 28 studies founf sucessful for OCD and social phobias, non-clinical benefits limitations- some negative beliefs realistic
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Give the one of the three definitions of abnormality and evaluate it

Back

Deviation from ideal mental health- self attitude, personal growth, integration and acurate perception of reality limitations- cultural differnces, how many have to be met for ideal mental health

Card 3

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Give the one of the three definitions of abnormality and evaluate it

Back

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Card 4

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Outline the main idea of each of the 4 approaches to psychopathology

Back

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Card 5

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Explain and evaluate the cognitive approach

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