ABNORMALATIES PSYCHOLOGY

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TRICYLICS
chemotherapry;anti-depressants (treatment for depression).taken 4-6months. depression=lack of neurotransmitters (seratonin/noradrenaline).Tricyclics(eg trfranil) 'older' AD.block mechanism that absorbs neuroTs,proglonging activity,next impulse easier
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SELECTIVE SERETONIN RE-UPTAKE INHIBITORS (SSRIs)
work same as tricyclics,but mainly block seretonin, increases about availble to cells,reducing symptoms.SSRI prozac 'wonder drug',most frequently perscribed of all ADs. side effects (violent/scuicidal thoughts)-STEINER
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3 STAGES
D treatment has 3 stages. acute phase (treatment of current symptoms),continuation phase (symptoms diminsed and medication gradually withdrawn to prevent relapse),maintenance (for p's history of reoccuring depressive episodes)
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NEGATIVES
KIRSCH ET AL reviwed clinical trials of SSRI p's,only sever cases was there a significant advantage.moderate p's showed same improvement with ssri/placebo. placebo 'offered them hope' for sever they had low expectation so didnt work.
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SUTIBILITY
HAMMEN found anti-depressants less useful for children and adolecents. Double blind studies fied to show superiority of AD's compaered to placebos.RYAN due to developmental differences in brain neurochemistry
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SUICIDE
concern SSRI's increase suicidal thoughts in vulnrerable individuals.FERGUSON ET AL compared SSRI/other treatments/placebo. SSRI 2x as likeley to attempt suicide.BARBUI SSRI increased suicide in adolencent, but not in adults(65+)
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FACTS
AD'S work quicker than psycho therapies and do not rquire client motivation necessary for bheavioual and cognitive techniques. However leads to revolving door syndrome and client responsibility
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CBT 2
second treatment, emphasis on role of maladaptive thought in mainatinence of depression.developed from BECK's negative triad.Identify/alter maladaptive thoughts.usually 16-20 sessions.main ingredients 'thought catching and 'behavioural activation'
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THOUGHT CATCHING
p's taught to see link between thought and the way they feel. 'homwork' keep record of emotion arousign events, the negative thoughts associated and then their 'realistic' thoughts that may challenge negtive thoughts.try out new behaviours and thinki
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BEHAVIOURAL ACTIVISION
being active leads to antidote to depression (theory).one characteristic of a depressed, they dont take part in normal activities, therapist tries to identfy fun activities and deal with cognitive obstacles.
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HOLMES
claims single largest study into effective treatments of depression (by national institue for mental health) showed CBT less effective than anti depressents.
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Card 2

Front

work same as tricyclics,but mainly block seretonin, increases about availble to cells,reducing symptoms.SSRI prozac 'wonder drug',most frequently perscribed of all ADs. side effects (violent/scuicidal thoughts)-STEINER

Back

SELECTIVE SERETONIN RE-UPTAKE INHIBITORS (SSRIs)

Card 3

Front

D treatment has 3 stages. acute phase (treatment of current symptoms),continuation phase (symptoms diminsed and medication gradually withdrawn to prevent relapse),maintenance (for p's history of reoccuring depressive episodes)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

KIRSCH ET AL reviwed clinical trials of SSRI p's,only sever cases was there a significant advantage.moderate p's showed same improvement with ssri/placebo. placebo 'offered them hope' for sever they had low expectation so didnt work.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

HAMMEN found anti-depressants less useful for children and adolecents. Double blind studies fied to show superiority of AD's compaered to placebos.RYAN due to developmental differences in brain neurochemistry

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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