Abnormal Psychology (2)

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What is Aetiology?
the cause of a disease
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What is a common prognosis?
the likely course of a medical condition
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What factors are considered in an integrated approach?
Biological, psychological and environmental
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Which model did Zubin and Spring 1977 propose?
The Diathesis-stress model
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What is a diathesis?
A predisposition/vulnerability towards developing a disorder
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What is needed to trigger a diathesis?
stressful conditions
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What is the HPA?
the Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
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How does early trauma affect the HPA?
It results in elevated activity in the HPA when exposed to stressors
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What is a syndrome?
A cluster of symptoms
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Who publishes the DSM and where is it used?
the APA, used in the US
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Who published the ICD and where is it used?
the WHO, used in the EU
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What are the benefits of classifying mental disorders?
allows us to structure info, research, compare cultures and develop treatment
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What are the disadvantages of classifying mental disorders?
loss of idiosyncratic info, stigma, self concept is affected
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What is Psychosis? (old category)
serious distortions of perception that weaken a person's grasp on reality
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What is neurosis? (old category)
When a person is still in touch with reality
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In the DSM, what three key elements are needed for symptoms to qualify as a potential mental disorder?
disturbances in thoughts, behaviours or emotions; significant personal distress or impairment; they stem from an internal dysfunction
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What is Axis I ?
Displays one or more primary disorder
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What is Axis II ?
Mental Retardation/personality disorders
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What is Axis III ?
General Medical Condition
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What is Axis IV ?
Psychosocial, environmental problems
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What is Axis V?
Global assessment of functioning (1-100)
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What is a reliable diagnosis?
When different clinicians give the same diagnoses
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What is a valid diagnosis?
one that is accurate and reflects the individuals symptoms
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How many personality disorders are there in the new DSM V?
6 instead of 10
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What three new categories have been added to the DSM V?
mixed anxiety/depression, binge eating disorder, autism spectrum disorder
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What is the only identical disorder in both the DSM V and ICD 10?
Transient tic disorder
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What percentage of people would not seek counselling for fear of being labelled mentally ill?
33%
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What % of people would hesitate to see a psychotherapist if a diagnosis were required?
51%
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What % of people would not tell their employer that they were seeking mental health treatment?
67%
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What percentage of people would be reluctant to seek treatment because of confidential concerns?
37%
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What % of people believe they would be able to handle psychological problems on their own?
41%
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What is prevalence?
number of active cases in a population at a given point in time
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What is incidence?
Number of new cases that occur over a given period of time
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Card 2

Front

What is a common prognosis?

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the likely course of a medical condition

Card 3

Front

What factors are considered in an integrated approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which model did Zubin and Spring 1977 propose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a diathesis?

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