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SD’s
evoke behavior because in the past that behavior has been reinforced in its presence. correlated with the availability of reinforcement. SD “signals” that reinforcement is available for a specific behavior.
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S Delta
S Delta's “suppress” or abate behavior because i1n the past that behavior has been extinguished in its presence. correlated with the unavailability of reinforcement, “signals” that reinforcement is NOT available for a specific behavior.
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SDPs or SD (pmt)
“suppress” or abate behavior because in the past that behavior has been punished in its presence. SDPs are correlated with the availability of punishment. SDP “signals” that punishment is available for a specific behavior.
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Why does an SDP abate Bx?
Due to a past history of availability of punishment for that behavior dependent on its presence
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Stimulus Generalization
is the tendency of a learned response to occur in the presence of stimuli which were Not present during training but which either have some Similar physical properties to the SD or have been associ
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Response Generalization
is the Spread of the effects of reinforcement and other procedures to other response classes which have Not been reinforced, etc.
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Stimulus Generalization (short)
Same response; different stimuli
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Response Generalization (short)`
Same stimuli; different responses
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Motivating Operation
Antecedent condition. Value altering: momentarily alters effectivness of S as R or P. Behaviour altering; alter momentary freqency of behaviou that has been reinforce/punished by the stimulus whose value has been altered by that MO
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Establishing operations (EOs) related to reinforcement.
Establishing operations (EOs) related to reinforcement are MOs which Increase the value of other events as forms of reinforcement. They Evoke the type of behavior which has been reinforced by those events in the past/
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Abolishing Operations (AOs) related to reinforcement.
Abolishing operations (AOs) related to reinforcement are MOs which Decrease the value of other events as forms of Reinforcement. They Abate the type of behavior which has been reinforced by those events in the past.
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Establishing Operations (EOs) related to punishment
Establishing operations (EOs) related to punishment are MOs which Increase the value of other events as forms of punishment. They Abate the type of behavior which has been punished by those events in the past.
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Abolishing Operations (AO's) Related to Punishment
Abolishing operations (AO) related to punishment are MOs which Decrease the value of other events as forms of Punishment. They Evoke the type of behavior which has been punished by those events in the past.
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Unconditioned Motivating Operations (UMOs)
events, operations, and stimulus conditions whose reinforcer establishing effects are unlearned.
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Of the most basic UMO's are
Deprivation (UEO) and Satiation (UAO)
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1-5 Human deprivations and satiation UMO's
Food, water, sleep, activity, oxygen
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6th UMO
Sex
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7th and 8th UMO
Too hot, too cold
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9th UMO
Pain- onset or mannification
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Reinforcer establishing effect
X deprivation increases the effectiveness of X as a reinforcer.
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Evocative effect:
X deprivation increases the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced with X.
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Reinforcer abolishing effect
X consumption decreases the effectiveness of X as a reinforcer
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Abative effect
X consumption decreases the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced with X.
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Describe how in negative reinforcement there is always an antecedent stimulus that functions an establishing operation.
The Onset of Painful stimulation establishes the reduction or offset of this stimulation as an effective form of reinforcement. AND evokes the behavior that achieved such reduction or offset
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What are the 4 MO subtypes?
EOs related to reinforcement. EOs related to punishment. AOs related to reinforcement. AO's related to punishment.
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What is an AO?
Abolishing Operation
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What is an EO?
Establishing operation
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Describe the MO's Value altering effect
A momentary change of the stimulus as a reinforcer or punisher which either increases or decreases its value.
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Describe the MO's behaviour altering effect
The MO's alter the momentary frequence of any Bx that has been reinforced or punished by the stimulus whose value has been altered by the MO.
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Give an example of how an EO Related to reinforcement
Salty crisps at a bar evoke buying drinks.
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What effects to AOs Related to Reinforcement have?
Reinforcer alterning and an Abaitive effect
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What effects to EOs Related to Reinforcement have?
A reinforcer establishing and evocative effect
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What effect do EOs Related to Punishment have?
Punisher-Establishing Effect and an Abative Effect
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What effects to AOs Related to Punishment have?
Punisher-Abolishing Effect and Evocative Effect
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What is an UMO?
Unconditioned Motivational Opreation
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What is the reinforcer establishing effect of becoming too cold?
Increases effectiveness of an increase in temperature as a reinforcer.
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What is the evocative effect of becoming too cold?
Increases the current frequency of all behavior that has increased warmth.
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When the person returns to normal temperature, what happens during the reinforcer abolishing effect:
Decreases effectiveness of becoming warmer as a reinforcer.
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What about the abaitive effect of warming up to the right temperature?
Decreases current frequency of all behavior that has increased warmth.
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When you become too warm what is the reinforcer establishing effect:
Increases effectiveness of a decrease in temperature as a reinforcer.
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When you become too warm, what is the evocative effect?
Increases the current frequency of all behavior that has decreased warmth.
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When you warm up, what is the reinforcer abolishing effect?
Decreases effectiveness of becoming cooler as a reinforcer.
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When you warm up, what is the abaitive effect?
Decreases current frequency of all behavior that has decreased warmth.
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Stimulus Generalization is the opposite of...
Differentiation
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Response Generalization is the opposite of:
Discrimination
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If there are 2 different concequences/reinforcement its
SD
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What effect does this describe: X consumption decreases the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced with X.
Abaitive Effect
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What effect does this describe:X consumption decreases the effectiveness of X as a reinforcer.
Reinforcer Abolishing Effect
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What effect does this describe: X deprivation increases the effectiveness of X as a reinforcer
Reinforcer establishing effect
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What effect does this describe: X deprivation increases the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced with X.
Evocative effect
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How can painful stimulation (EO for negative reinforcement) also function as an EO for positive reinforcement?
Painful stimulation evokes aggression toward others-Establishes evidence of harm to others as a reinforcer
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Card 2

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S Delta's “suppress” or abate behavior because i1n the past that behavior has been extinguished in its presence. correlated with the unavailability of reinforcement, “signals” that reinforcement is NOT available for a specific behavior.

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S Delta

Card 3

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“suppress” or abate behavior because in the past that behavior has been punished in its presence. SDPs are correlated with the availability of punishment. SDP “signals” that punishment is available for a specific behavior.

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Card 4

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Due to a past history of availability of punishment for that behavior dependent on its presence

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Card 5

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is the tendency of a learned response to occur in the presence of stimuli which were Not present during training but which either have some Similar physical properties to the SD or have been associ

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