A right to Dissent

HideShow resource information
What is Dissent? How can it take place?
It is making an expression of one's disagreement towards the state, government or a law. It can be in the form of petitions, vandalism, marches, disobedience, strikes, terrorism or revoloutions.
1 of 20
When is dissent ok?
When a law harms you/others or you deem it to be immoral
2 of 20
What does dissent assume?
Assumes the government should represent our views. We have the right to freedom of speech.
3 of 20
Deontological/Teleological
Deontology = concentrating on the moral ethics of the act itself. Teleology = concentrating on the consequences of an act.
4 of 20
Rules of Dissent
1 - protestor must be sure that the moral case for disobedience outweighs the case for obeying the law.
5 of 20
Rawls' rules on dissent.
The degree of protest must be proportionate to the injustice. Must be a public act not for personal gain. Must have moral sense with no violence & must not undermine a government.
6 of 20
LOCKE FOR DISSENT
Rebellion is justified when fighting against an undemocratic government, if your opinion refects majority viewpoints or if gov threaten private property. Gov is only legit if it respects our natural rights.
7 of 20
Evaluating LOCKE on dissent
His views seem strong yet are based upon presumtions of God.
8 of 20
MARX FOR DISSENT
Revoloutions are the best for a fair society. Capitalism results in an inevitable revouloution, workers work hard, bosses by machinery with excess profit. Small changes are pointless need to be RADICAL,overthrow the whole gov controlled by the riche
9 of 20
Evaluating MARX on dissent
Many revoloutions have turned out BAD. French revoloution e.g.. He underestimates capitalism, the working class is getting smaller and smaller.
10 of 20
Martin Luther King FOR dissent
Oppressors do not give freedom to the oppressed so it must be demanded. Breaking the law & accepting the punishment = repect for the law. Accepting the law & showing respect by breaking the unjust laws.
11 of 20
Evaluating Martin Luther King on dissent.
Bases ideas on the idea of God, like Locke.
12 of 20
MILL FOR DISSENT
We can all think for ourselves, a healthly society needs to think in different ways , no certain truth, we are expert at our lives thus liberty allows diversity. MAX amount of privacy - the state being a 'nightwatchman'
13 of 20
Evaluating Mill on dissent
Conserative argument: Society is more stable if everyone shares the same beliefs. Alternative beliefs undermine stability.
14 of 20
HOBBES AGAINST DISSENT
Rebellion is forbidden as it leads to the S.O.N. They are not good as they undermine the Leviathan but can be justified if you win or you life is being threatened personally.
15 of 20
Evaluation of HOBBES on dissent.
Hard to judge whehter a rebellion has succeeded or not and some would argue it is your right to rebell even if you don't win.
16 of 20
SOCRATES AGAINST DISSENT
Dissent is wrong, if we live in society we must accept the rules & obey. When Socrates died he could have fled prison but drank the poison & stayed to obey the law.
17 of 20
Evaluation of Socrates on dissent
Assues everyone feels loyalty to the state and doesn't take into account a moral government.
18 of 20
PLATO AGAINST DISSENT
Governments should be led by experts therefore there is no need to rebel.
19 of 20
Evaluation of Plato on dissent
Undemocratic & elitist. Most people in modern society are educated & can have an opinion without being an expert.
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When a law harms you/others or you deem it to be immoral

Back

When is dissent ok?

Card 3

Front

Assumes the government should represent our views. We have the right to freedom of speech.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Deontology = concentrating on the moral ethics of the act itself. Teleology = concentrating on the consequences of an act.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1 - protestor must be sure that the moral case for disobedience outweighs the case for obeying the law.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all Governance and the state resources »