A Level Music: Pavane Lachrimae by Sweelinck

HideShow resource information
When was this piece composed?
1615: Renaissance
1 of 28
What was this piece intended for?
Domestic/educational use
2 of 28
Explain what a Pavane is
A slow processional dance of the late Renaissance, yet Sweelinck's piece wouldn't have been used for dancing
3 of 28
Explain what 'Lachrimae' means
Refers to the image of falling tears
4 of 28
What is this a varied and embellished version of?
Dowland's music, Sweelinck's contemporary
5 of 28
Name the resources
Manual harpsichord: suits the style and secular character of the music
6 of 28
What is the range of this piece?
3 octaves, from G (bottom line of bass stave) to G (octave and 1/2 above middle C)
7 of 28
How often is top G used?
Only once: bar 96 - used for climactic intent in a passage featuring rising scalic figures
8 of 28
Is there are idiomatic writing?
The variations (A1, B1 and C1) are written in a more idiomatic keyboard style.
9 of 28
Explain the structure
3 sections: A, B, C, which are then repeated and varied rather than 'straight' repetition
10 of 28
Are the printed note values of Flow my Tears doubled or halved in the pavane?
Doubled: 1-8 of song = 1-16 of pavane
11 of 28
A and A1 Sections:
Bars 1-16 + 17-32, both end on a perfect cadence in A, tierce de picardie
12 of 28
B and B1 Sections:
Bars 33-48 + 49-64, both end on an imperfect cadence in A minor (phrygian, IVb-V, substitute perfect cadences)
13 of 28
C and C1 Sections:
Bars 65-81 + 82-98, both end on a perfect cadence in A, tierce de picardie
14 of 28
Describe the tonality
Renaissance modality, i.e. before the major/minor system. 3 interpretations: 1) A minor, no key sig & sounds minor 2) A minor with modal (aeolian) elements (more G naturals than G#s) 3) Aeolian mode: G naturals explained, G#s chromatic
15 of 28
Why does uncertainty arise with the tonality?
The mixture of G naturals and G#s is unusual for a major/minor key system with functional harmony
16 of 28
Are there any false relations?
G# and G Natural, e.g. bars 10 and 96
17 of 28
Is there any tonal contrast?
Yes, at start of B section, which in modern terms begins in C major. There is also a brief visit to G major in bars 9-10: sounds modal
18 of 28
List features of the harmony (6)
Tierce de picardie (bar 16), most chords are triads in root/1st inversion, cadential trills, cadences are either perfect/imperfect, only dissonance on minims are suspensions (bars 89-92), other non-chord notes are passing or auxiliary notes
19 of 28
Is there much rhythmic variety?
20 of 28
What are the typical note lengths in this piece?
Passages and sections generally begin with semibreves, minims, crotchets and a few quavers. Often continuous semiquavers in one part for display/decoration. Cadential trills involving 8 demisemiquavers (bars 30 and 45)
21 of 28
What is the metre?
22 of 28
Describe the texture
Most passages are in free counterpoint with occasional imitative entries (bars 3 and 4), melody supported by the bass in semibreves (bars 1-4). Inner parts have some contrapuntal interest.
23 of 28
Describe the number of parts
Most of piece is in 4 parts: similar to 4-part vocal writing (SATB). However, no. of parts changes. Florid passages sometimes in 3 parts and at beginnings and ends of some sections a 5th part is added.
24 of 28
Is there a canon?
Yes, a short one between soprano and bass: bar 91
25 of 28
Is the writing stepwise or disjunct?
Mostly conjunct with occasional leaps, e.g. a rising minor 6th in bar 2, which follows a falling, stepwise perfect 4th which is meant to represent tears.
26 of 28
Explain the melody
Imitation, short repeated patterns in sequence (bar 17 where there is sequential treatment of a 3-note descending scalic figure), most florid passages cover quite a small range
27 of 28
Mention the variation techniques
Additional notes between pairs of notes, which is borrowed from Dowland's melody
28 of 28

Other cards in this set

Card 2


What was this piece intended for?


Domestic/educational use

Card 3


Explain what a Pavane is


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Explain what 'Lachrimae' means


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is this a varied and embellished version of?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all Developing Musical Understanding resources »