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  • Created by: Jo Saul
  • Created on: 19-05-14 13:19
Referendums
A vote on a single issue put to a public ballot by the government of the day. Referendums offer a degree of direct democracy.
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Initiative
A process by which citizens can call a referendum, normally by collecting a predetermined number of signitures on a petition.
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Recall
A device that allows citizens to unseat an elected official before the end of their term in office.
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Political Culture
The ideas, beliefs and attitudes that shape political behaviour within a given area. It describes the way in which citizens collectively view the political system and their status and role within it.
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Political Participation
Collectively refers to the range of ways in which citizens can involve themselves in the political process.
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Franchise
The franchise is the right to vote as established by parliamentary statute. The vast majority of adult UK citizens have the right to vote.
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Consensus
Where UK citizens accepted the basic 'rules of the game'.
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Turnout
The percentage of registered voters who cast a ballot in a given election.
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Mandate
The right of the governing party to pursue the policies it sets out in its general election manifesto.
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Political Apathy
A state of passivity or indifference towards political institutions and their associated processes.
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Hapathy
It is the idea that voters may abstain from voting as a result of happiness with the way in which they are being governed.
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Canvassing
Where local party activists go from door to door in an effort to assess the strength of support and win over floating voters.
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Manifesto
A document in which a political party sets out its policy programme at an election.
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Election
A competitive process in which a designated group of people, known as the electorate, select individuals who will fill particular posts.
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Legitimacy
A political system legitimate when it is based on the consent of the people - winning an election.
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Representation
The process by which an individual or individuals act on behalf of a larger group.
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Constituency
A geographical territory for which representatives are chosen in an election.
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Majoritarian System
An electoral system in which the winning candidate must achieve an absolute majority of votes cast in a single-member constituency.
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General Elections
These elect all 650 MPs who make up the House of Commons.
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European Parliament Elections
This is where the UK elects 73 Members of the European Parliament at elections held at fixed-term intervals of 5 years.
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Local Elections
Local councillors are elected for fixed 4-year terms.
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By-Elections
If a constituency seat in the House of Commons becomes vacant because of the death or resignation of an elected member, a by-election is held to choose a new representative.
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Simple Plurality System
An electoral system in which the candidate with the most votes in a single-member constituency wins.
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Proportional Representation
An electoral system using multi-member constituencies in which an electoral formula is used to match the percentage of seats won by each party to the percentage of votes they won.
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Safe Seat
A constituency that normally elects an MP from the same political party at every election.
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Tactical Voting
Voting for the candidate most likely to defeat the voter's least favoured candidate.
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Coalition Government
A government made up of more than one political party.
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Electoral Reform
Changes made to an electoral system or a change from one electoral system to an alternative.
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Minority Government
A government formed by a political party that does not have an overall majority in the legislature.
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Class Dealignment
The decline in the relationship between social class and voting.
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Partisan Dealignment
The decline in strong voter identification with political parties.
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Core Vote
Voters who feel a strong attachment to a political party and vote for it in election after election.
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Floating Voters
Voters withiout a strong attachment to a particular party, who may switch their vote from election to election.
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Rational Choice Model
An approach to the study of politics that focuses on the actions of rational individuals who pursue their own interests.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A process by which citizens can call a referendum, normally by collecting a predetermined number of signitures on a petition.

Back

Initiative

Card 3

Front

A device that allows citizens to unseat an elected official before the end of their term in office.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The ideas, beliefs and attitudes that shape political behaviour within a given area. It describes the way in which citizens collectively view the political system and their status and role within it.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Collectively refers to the range of ways in which citizens can involve themselves in the political process.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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