A2 Section A - Non-Woven Fabrics

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What stage of fabric manufacture do non-woven fabrics miss?
The yarn stage - straight from fibre to fabrics
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What do non-woven fabrics include?
Felts and bonded fabrics
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How is felt made from wool?
Using the natural felting properties of wool using heat, mechanical action and moisture
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What is the negative of making felt from wool?
Expensive
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What are needlefelts made from?
Synthetic Fibres (e.g. acrylic)
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How are needlefelts made?
Fibres matted together using mechanical action that tangle the fibres into a dense matt.
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What are bonded fabrics?
Webs of fibres held together in various ways
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Give 2 ways bonded fabrics are held together
Adhesive, Solvent, Thermal (using thermoplastic qualities), Stitching with thread
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Give 3 features of non-woven fabrics.
Do not drape well, do not fray, cheap to manufacture, no gain - cheaper to use, not as strong as woven or knitted fabrics
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Give 2 uses for non-woven fabrics.
Disposable products, Interfacings, Filters, Insulation and Liners
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What are laminated fabrics?
Made from 2 or more layers, held together or heat set thermoplastic fibres.
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Give an example of a laminated fabric.
Gore-Tex, Sympatex
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What are coated fabrics?
Has a layer of polymer film to the surface of the base fabric.
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Give an example of a coated fabric.
PVC coated cottons, imitation leather
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do non-woven fabrics include?

Back

Felts and bonded fabrics

Card 3

Front

How is felt made from wool?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the negative of making felt from wool?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are needlefelts made from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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