A2 Product Design Key Terms Cards

HideShow resource information
Global Warming
A layer of greenhouse gases in the upper atmosphere that traps heat fro the sun and prevents it from reflecting back into the outer atmosphere.
1 of 57
Greenhouse Gases
Gases such as CO2 and Methane. These are produced by farm animals and also by burning fossil fuels.
2 of 57
Ergonomics
The study of interaction between the human body, products and environments.
3 of 57
50th Percentile
The average or most common anthropometric measurements from a sample.
4 of 57
95th Percentile
The upper limiting anthropometric measurement.
5 of 57
British Standards Institution (BSI)
An organisation dedicated to producing British and European quality and safety standards, and testing products against those standards for companies wishing to register their products.
6 of 57
Global Manufacturing
Modern-day industrial practice of designing in one paart of the worls and manufacturing the product in another where materials and labour costs may be cheaper.
7 of 57
Technology Push
New products can be developed and old products made obsolete by advancements in technology, e.g. smaller, more powerful microprocessors led to the developement of computers with improved performance.
8 of 57
Scale Models
Used to test designs without the expense of making full size prototypesl can be used to test ergonomics, construction methods, colour schemes and so on.
9 of 57
Swatch
A sample showing colour, texture, etc. Used as a portable source to select from
10 of 57
Thumbnail Sketches
Rough sketches of a design idea
11 of 57
Orthographic Drawings
Drawing showwing the front, plan and end views of a design.These also may include the dimensions and details of materials.
12 of 57
CAD Models
The production of computer generated drawing using vector or raster graphics. CAD models can be simple diensioned drawings or animated 3D simulations.
13 of 57
Mock - Ups
Rough models, often full size, made from low-cost materials, such as card, mdf, etc.
14 of 57
Cathode Ray Tube
Used in most television set for displaying a transmitted imagine and in computer monitors to display data or graphics.
15 of 57
Light Emitting Diode
A semi conductor made up of a single junction of n- and p-type materials. As with all semi-conductors current will flow when the junction voltage has been reached but in this case light is emitted.
16 of 57
Risk assessment
A document assessing the type of hazard, the level of risk, who might be affected by the hazard, annd a description of all of the control measures taken to minimise the risk associated with using specific materials and manufacturing processes.
17 of 57
N-type
a type of semi conductor that has been doped with a more negatively charged material allowing energy to flow in the same direction as the current flow in a wire.
18 of 57
P-Type
A type of semi-conductor that has been doped with a more positively charged material allowing a flow of energy in the opposite direction to the current flow in a wire.
19 of 57
Graphical User Interface
What you see on a computer screen. It is made up of the icons, toolbar, buttons and drop down menus that allow the user to make it accessible to use.
20 of 57
Intergrated Circuit
Also known as a chip - a small electronic device made out of a chip of semi-conductor material. These devices contain electronic circuits in which there may be thousands of transistors.
21 of 57
Ion
A charged atom formed when copper comes into contact with oxygen in the air.
22 of 57
Thin Film Transistor
A TFT screen is basically a liquid crystal display that has a transistor for each pixel. This allows for rapid responses on screen to inputs. Laptops and norebooks have TFT screens and they are becoming popular for desktop computers.
23 of 57
Surface Mount Components
It refers to tiny electronic components, such as resistors and capacitors, soldered to the surface of circuit boards. There are a draction of traditional through-leg components.
24 of 57
Obsolescence
Products become obsolete as they are susperseded by better models. Some products are said to have built-in
25 of 57
Demand Pull
Consumer demand can lead to the developments in products.
26 of 57
Quick Response Manufacturing
The organisation of production to manufacture to customer demand, rather than manufacturing items to stock.
27 of 57
Electronic Point of Sale
The use of barcode readers to send sales data t distributors and manufacturers in order to maintain correct stock levels.
28 of 57
Just In Time (JIT)
The organisation of production so that customers get their orders just in time. This avoids carrying stock of materials and components, and storing finished goods.
29 of 57
Electronic Data Interchange/Exchange
The use of computer to transfer information.
30 of 57
Master Production Schedule
A scheduling system used to organise the work to be completed within a set time period.
31 of 57
Just In Time Sequence
A refinement of JIT in which parts are not only delivered at the right time and right place but are also in sequence to match the flow of a product through the assembly line.
32 of 57
Telematics
A system for tracking a product from customer order through to manufacture and dispatch.
33 of 57
Materials Requirement Planning
A software system for work cells to order materials and components from their suppliers, when they require them
34 of 57
Flexible Manufacture Systems
Organising production equipment to allow manufacture of a variety of different products, as opposed to dedicated systems that can only make a single type.
35 of 57
Computer Aided Design
the use of software that can convert CAD drawings into CNC machining data
36 of 57
Computer Aided Manufacture
The use of computer numerically controlled machines to increase efficiency of production
37 of 57
End effector
Robot arms are terminated with an end effector. This is a gripping hand, paint sprayer, welder or other device for moving objects around.
38 of 57
Flexible Manufacturing
refers to organising production into cells of machines performing different tasks. They are typically laid out in a U shape rather than a production line.
39 of 57
Rapid Prototyping
The use of CNC machines that create 3D objects using lasers to solidify liquid polymers, known as stereo-lithography.
40 of 57
Layered Object Modelling
A type of rapid prototyping machine that cuts laers of self adhesive card or paper, which are assembled into a 3D model
41 of 57
Fused deposition modelling
A type of rapid prototyping machine that extrudes layers of liquid polymer to build up a model.
42 of 57
Lead Time
The time a customer must wait to recieve a product after placing an order.
43 of 57
Visual Reality
The use of 3D simulation software that enables designers to produce photo-realistic images to products in lifelike settings and to interact with them.
44 of 57
Computer Intergrated Manufacture
The use of computers to link together business and manufacturing data and the control of production, in order to make production more efficient.
45 of 57
Computer aided Engineering
The use of computers to model engineering problems and simulate working conditions to see how they perform.
46 of 57
Wire Frame Model
CAD drawings of products using a range of lines, arcs and points.
47 of 57
Surface Models
CAD Drawins that provide a more realistic 3D image than wire frame. They can be used to show machining tool paths and data, and are quicker to re-process than solid models.
48 of 57
First Generation
Basic robots with limited sensing. Normally used for loading, transfer of components, etc.
49 of 57
Second Generation
Robots that use sensors to detect faults, changes in their immediate environment and diagnose problems.
50 of 57
Third Generation
Advanced robots that use sophisticated sensing to deetect chaned to their immediate environment, diagnose faults and, if possible, rectify them.
51 of 57
Artificial Intelligence
New robotic technology aimed at developing robots that can interaact with other tobots and react to changes in their immdiate environment.
52 of 57
Automatic Guided Vehicle
A robotic vehicle used to ferry materials or parts around a factory.
53 of 57
Degrees of Freedom
this refers to the number of joints a robot arm has and each direction a robot or part of it can move, determining how flexible the robot is.
54 of 57
Teach Pendant
A method of programming a robot by physically taking a robot through a series of movements.
55 of 57
Walkthrough programming
A method of programming a robot by physically taking a robot through a series of movements.
56 of 57
Off-line programming
A method of programming a robot using a virtual reality system software.
57 of 57

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Gases such as CO2 and Methane. These are produced by farm animals and also by burning fossil fuels.

Back

Greenhouse Gases

Card 3

Front

The study of interaction between the human body, products and environments.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The average or most common anthropometric measurements from a sample.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The upper limiting anthropometric measurement.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Design & Technology resources:

See all Design & Technology resources »See all Product Design 3D Design resources »