A2 PE - Section 1

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Sports Science
Sports science is applying the principles of science, most notably biomechanics, psychology and physiology, to sports to enhance sporting performance of an athlete
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How Sports Science Helps
• In depth discussion between athlete and the coach • Considers individual needs of the athlete • Examines area of performance most important to the athlete • Using specific assessments (Fitness Testing) • Information from regular assessments compare
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Biomechanics
Analysis of human movement, examines interaction between athlete and the equipment
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Physiology
Analysis of human body, how an athlete’s body responds and adapts to exercise
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Psychology
Analysis of human mind, examines how thoughts and emotions can influence an athlete’s behaviour
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Benefits of Sports Science Support
• Evaluate an athlete’s strengths + weaknesses • Assess training plan effectiveness • Evaluate athletes health status • Identifies athletes readiness to resume training/competition
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Gross Motor Skill
Large muscle movements e.g. Sprinting (Equipment has less impact)
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Fine Motor Skill
Smaller muscle actions e.g. using small movements (Equipment has a little impact)
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Analysing Perfect Model
Start Position Transition Execution Recovery, Head Position Body Position Arm Action Leg Action Total Body Efficiency
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Ways To Enhance Performance
• Refining kit or equipment • Using perfect model via assessment software
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Centralised Model Of Support
Support via state, central body, public sector funding (e.g. Australia, France)
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Decentralised Model Of Support
No single agency, higher education system support, scholarships (e.g. USA)
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Ergogenic Aids
Substances or devices that enhance energy production, use or recovery, and might provide athletes with a competitive advantage
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Ergogenic Aids Purpose
Enhance Physical Power, Enhance Mental Strength, Enhance Mechanical Edge
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Supplements
Legal additions to an athlete’s diet, Dietary and nutritional supplements most widely used in sports
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Blood Doping
defined by WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) as the misuse of techniques and/or substances to increases ones red blood cell count.
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EPO
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a hormone naturally produced by the kidneys. However, this hormone can be artificially produced to improve the performance of, for example, athletes or cyclists by injection.
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Holding Camps
Single base camps used in the weeks immediately prior to the start of the game/event. The location must relate to the venue of the games
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Reasons For Holding Camps
Athletes train in conditions which are very similar to the climate, altitude and time zone of the host city, Helps athletes improve focus and maximise performance, Enables athletes to get over jet lag, Team bonding/development of communication
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Acclimatisation
To prepare fully for changes in environmental conditions it usually takes 5-10 days for the body to respond and adapt to the changes in heat+humidity, The body will become more efficient at thermoregulation – the sweat response will start earlier
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Preparation Camps
Training bases using the facilities offered in the holding camps – unlike holding camps, preparation camps can be used whenever
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

• In depth discussion between athlete and the coach • Considers individual needs of the athlete • Examines area of performance most important to the athlete • Using specific assessments (Fitness Testing) • Information from regular assessments compare

Back

How Sports Science Helps

Card 3

Front

Analysis of human movement, examines interaction between athlete and the equipment

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Analysis of human body, how an athlete’s body responds and adapts to exercise

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Analysis of human mind, examines how thoughts and emotions can influence an athlete’s behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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