A2 applied set work; James Horner - Take Her to Sea, Mr Murdoch

When was the piece written?
1997
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How many Academy Awards did Horner win for the score for Titanic?
2
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Who has Horner had a long working relationship with?
James Cameron
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Where was Horner classically trained originally? Where did this lead?
California; led to RCM, London
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What elements did Horner include in the score?
Celtic elements
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What 3 large bodies of instrumentation does Horner use?
Large symphony orchestra, real choir, synthetic choir
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How is the orchestra treated?
Traditional symphonic/Romantic way with much doubling
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What timbre is there FEW uses of?
Solo
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What sort of ranges are favoured?
Middle/low
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How can we describe the texture?
Wide and rapidly changing
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What type of opening texturally?
Imitative
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What sort of pedal texture is seen in bars 8-10?
Articulated pedal in violin and viola
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What sort of pedal texture is seen in bars 11-30?
Pedals with octave leaps
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What sort of pedal texture is seen in bars 57-60?
Sustained bass pedal
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What sort of pedal texture is seen in bars 106-110?
Tonic pedal over 3 octaves in strings
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What type of texture is seen between the viola and horn at bars 12-14?
Ostinato texture
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What are the three most common textures of the piece?
Homorhythm, homophony and heterophony
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What does the music do up to bar 30?
Follow the on screen action
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How is the build up of excitement matched in the music?
Rapid key change, increase in tempo, rising ideas
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What is happening from bar 30?
Ship is under full steam
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Which two ideas does the music revolve around here?
One lyrical, the other more dance like
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What happens to the music when it is less tied to the action on screen?
More traditional musical shapes appear
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What type of phrasing is common?
2-4 bar
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How is the music both episodic and unified?
Episodic - frequent key/texture change; Unified - repetition/development
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How does the piece open and close?
Sections based on a rising Lydian motive
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What is Horner's musical tonality, traditionally?
Tonal/diatonic for the most part
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What is the tonality of the piece frequently inflected by?
A rising Lydian 4th
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What type of chords are used throughout?
Maj/min, mostly in root/1st
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At times the harmony is non-functional. Who could this be influenced by?
The 'pan-diatonic' style of American composers like Aaron Copland
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What type of pedals are used frequently?
Bass
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What type of cadences are quite rare?
Traditional perfect
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How does the music modulate?
"Slips" from one key to another
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What interval for modulations often fall or rise by?
A 3rd
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What occurs in terms of tonality from bar 25 onwards?
The harmonic rate of change speeds up
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At bar 25 what is A major juxtaposed with?
Eb major
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Where is the most traditional diatonic harmony heard?
The 1st dance section (bars 37-50)
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What does the harmonic rhythm speed up to at times in bar 37-50?
3 chords a bar
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What do bars 40-48 come to rest on?
A dominant chord
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What harmonic device is seen in bars 41-43?
A circle of 5ths
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What is the final cadence proceeded by?
A flat VII chord
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What are the three related but distinct melodic idea of the piece?
An opening rising idea, material from Leaving Liverpool and a dance melody in 5/4 & 6/4
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How is the opening rising 4th idea developed?
Imitation/inversion
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At bar 12 what does the opening rising 4th idea reappear as?
An ostinato figure
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How is the rising 4th idea used to close the piece?
Augmentation
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The melody first heard at bar 30 is based on what?
The first phrase of the Leaving Liverpool theme
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What does the dance style melody at bar 37 do to maintain interest?
Use sequence and simple stepwise contours
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At bar 57 what is the melody decorated by in the viola and horn?
Triplets using upper aux notes
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The linking motive at bar 62 spans a what?
Downward 4th
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What does the metre vary between?
3 & 4 beats to a bar
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What rhythms play a vital role in the opening section?
Octave crotchets
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What feel does the 5/4 metre at bar 37 give?
A folk like feel
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Card 2

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How many Academy Awards did Horner win for the score for Titanic?

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Card 3

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Who has Horner had a long working relationship with?

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Card 4

Front

Where was Horner classically trained originally? Where did this lead?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What elements did Horner include in the score?

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