A2 Virtue Ethics

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  • Created by: Cat1345
  • Created on: 06-05-16 14:12
According to Aristotle, what is the ultimate goal for humans?
human flourishing and developing characteristics so that we become virtuous beings
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How does Aristotle measure if someone is a good person or not?
Emphasis isn't on what a person does, but what kind of person he/she is
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What are the qualities that Aristotle thought leads to a good life?
courage, compassion, honesty, justice
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What did Aristotle call a good life?
Eudaimonia
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What is the Golden mean? (Aristotle)
Perfect balance between 2 extremes
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What does phronesis mean?
Practical wisdom, gained through experience and previous decisions
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What did David Hume criticise?
artificial virtues - obedience/conformity
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What did David Hume praise?
Natural virtues - honesty/justice
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Which form did Alistair MacIntyre think was most relatable?
Virtue-based approach- more realistic
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Who is the main virtuous model to follow?
Jesus
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What is the greatest strength of virtue ethics?
It aims to link theoretical and practical approaches to ethics and maintains the theories of moral behaviour
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Name one weakness of virtue ethics
Virtues are different for different cultures
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How is Aristotles golden mean hard to apply?
What if you don't know what the middle ground is? What point does courage become foolhardiness?
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Aristotle doesn't give guidence for different situations. Name one issue with this
A soldier will consider bravery a virtue whilst a pacifist will consider tolerance a virtue
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What are gender virtues normally based on?
Stereotypes
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Card 2

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How does Aristotle measure if someone is a good person or not?

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Emphasis isn't on what a person does, but what kind of person he/she is

Card 3

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What are the qualities that Aristotle thought leads to a good life?

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Card 4

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What did Aristotle call a good life?

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Card 5

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What is the Golden mean? (Aristotle)

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