A2 Sexual Ethics OCR Revision

HideShow resource information
why is Leviticus 18:22 such a propminant bible verse on *******/rights
"Do not lie with a man as one lies with a woman; that is detestable."Highlights Gods condeming of same sex relationships
1 of 26
what may some non-literal christians argue about the passage (Leviticus 18:22) in which male on male sex is considered 'detestable'?
could be interpreted to attack the culture at the time, whereby male prostitutes were used frequently. In this case Bible is only knocking the use of male prostitutes, not homosexuality
2 of 26
What are some issues around the biblical view of homosexuality in todays society?
Not applicable to atheists. No empirical evidence to suggest a homophobic God (down to interpretation) The Bible is outdated, humanity has moved on. Subjectivity/conflicting ideas
3 of 26
What did Philo refer to women as?
Philo referred to women as "instruments of evil" who corrupt men. Without women, he said, men would be rational creatures.
4 of 26
what was augstines view on marragie and women?
Augustine said that the purpose of marriage is to procreate, not to be friends. and also refered to women as defective males due to their submissive and passive nature in sex
5 of 26
what would the church consider premarital and extramarital sex?
A sin, it indicates a lack of moral discipline andf poses a threat to the insitutions of marriage and family
6 of 26
Where does the idea of one flesh come from and why is it significant?
Genesis 2:24, it emphasises the spirtiual, emotional, social and sexual purposes of marriage
7 of 26
How can we know that marriage is part of Gods plan?
a chirstian might use the miracle at the wedding at cana (john 2;1-11) which confirms Gods approval of marriage.
8 of 26
What did Marx and Engels think about marriage?
Marx called marriage slavery, and Engels went one further and called it "concealed domestic slavery" and prostitution
9 of 26
Whst is the general christan view on divorce?
Many Christians would object to divorce. Because marriage is an eternal bond, remarriage may be viewed as spiritual adultery
10 of 26
What is Natural moral law's stance on homosexuality?
Aquinas states that any sexual act that couldn't result in pregnancy is wrong. After all, God created sexual organs in order to fulfil one of the primary precepts (reproduction).
11 of 26
What is a conflicting precept in terms of sexual ethics? Give an example
A homosexual couple adopting a baby that wouldve otherwise been aborted is the rejection of the reproduction precent but its also upholding other precents (protection of kids, live in an ordered society)
12 of 26
What did Dean Haemer argue about homosexuality?
there may be over five million separate genes that come together in the human body to influence sexuality which may be a potential biological explanation of homosexuality
13 of 26
What may a supported of Aquinas argue back to Haemer?
a) there is no empirical evidence set in stone and b) Aquinas's argument was made hundreds of years ago, and to attack it with modern science is unfair.
14 of 26
What are 3 quotes from Kant about homosexuals?
"a slave to their passions" "beneath the beasts" "no longer deserves to be a person"
15 of 26
What is Kants main issue with homosexuals?
If Kant takes the 'end' to be the continuation of humanity, homosexuality blatantly disregards this, also their actions are universalisable
16 of 26
What are two ways that Kants Statement can be rebutted?
Surrogacy and adoption are an alternative (Kant would say no this isnt universalisable) Why is reproduction necessary in every relationship in an already over populated world? Why do humans need an end, no empirical evidence that there is one
17 of 26
What is one loop hole in Kants theory that allows fot homosexuality?
'It is always right to love someone in a consenting relationship' is a maxim which is universalisable. (Manclntyre argues anyone can universalise anything)
18 of 26
What does Kant call a "necessary evil"
Sex.
19 of 26
What may a Utilitarian say about homosexuals?
If homosexuality makes more people happy than in pain, it is good
20 of 26
What is one problem with the Utilitarian view?
Whilst it may seem fair, particually for countries like iran, the minorities fate (gays) would be in control of the majority of people who think homosexuality is a sin punishable by death. It is also impractial to obtain everyones opinions.
21 of 26
What would Bentham say on homosexuality?
He would argue that homosexuality is acceptable because the pleasure of the couple outweighs the 'pain' someone might feel being awear of the relationship.
22 of 26
What would Mill say on homosexuality?
"[we should not] attempt to deprive others of theirs or impede their efforts to obtain it." as long as their was also higher pleasures involved (love) its okay.
23 of 26
What would be the utilitarian stance on marriage?
Divorce is okay because it usually brings about more happiness as a result of leaving an unhappy relationship. Also bigamy and polygamy are okay if they bring about more happiness
24 of 26
What does Philippa Taylor suggest cohabitation can cause? (christian utilitarianist)
higher rate of suicide among men, alocholism, pregnant women smoking, abortions, STDs and cancer. Also 6 time more likely to break up
25 of 26
What is virtue ethics?
looks at the virtue or moral character of the person carrying out an action, rather than at ethical duties and rules, or the consequences of particular actions.
26 of 26

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

could be interpreted to attack the culture at the time, whereby male prostitutes were used frequently. In this case Bible is only knocking the use of male prostitutes, not homosexuality

Back

what may some non-literal christians argue about the passage (Leviticus 18:22) in which male on male sex is considered 'detestable'?

Card 3

Front

Not applicable to atheists. No empirical evidence to suggest a homophobic God (down to interpretation) The Bible is outdated, humanity has moved on. Subjectivity/conflicting ideas

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Philo referred to women as "instruments of evil" who corrupt men. Without women, he said, men would be rational creatures.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Augustine said that the purpose of marriage is to procreate, not to be friends. and also refered to women as defective males due to their submissive and passive nature in sex

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all Sexual Ethics resources »