A2 Government and Politics - Key Terms

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Fundamental Law
This is the law stated in the constitution i.e Congress can tax states.
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Codified Constitution
A constitution which is physically written down on one document.
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Limited Government
The idea that government shouldn't interfere with personal liberties and the economy.
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Flexibility/Rigidity
Refers to how flexible/rigid the constitution is in the USA.
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Federalism.
A bicameral system by which there is a local and national government.
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De-centralization
Moving powers from central government to sate government.
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States' Rights
The rights and powers held by individual states rather than federal government.
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Constitutional sivereignty
The idea that the constitution trumps any other piece of legislation.
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Entrenched Rights
Rights such as Freedom Of Speech which cant be taken out of the constitution.
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Constitutional Interpritation
This is interpretation of the texts by the Supreme Court through Judicial Review.
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Bicameralism
The two layer system of government used in US Congress. The "great compromise" made by the founding fathers.
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Presidential Veto
An enumerated power written in Article 2 of the Constitution that allows the president to block legislation.
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Congressional Override
Used to overturn a presidential veto requires a 2/3 majority in both houses.
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Impeachment
The first phase of removing a person or persons from Office. Requires a 2/3 majority in the House.
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Advice and Consent powers
The powers given to the Senate to advise and consent on presidential nominations.
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Pork Barreling
The use of Federal programs/money to bribe politicians to vote a certain way.
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Filibuster
The act of "talking out" a bill debate in the Senate. Can be blocked with a clotur petition.
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Presidential executive
a president who exercises active executive power in a certain systems of government. Executive presidents are active in day-to-day governance of a nation, and are usually popularly elected.
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Imperial Presidency
First used by Schlesinger in the book "The Imperial Presidency" to describe LBJ. An Imperial Presidency is one that exceeds its executive power.
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Imperialled Presidency
After Nixon's resignation presidents Ford and Carter were seen as week or "Imperiled" due to an overly strong Congress.
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Veto
Used to block legislation passed by Congress. Can be overturned by 2/3 majority vote in both Houses.
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Power to persuade
Has been argued to be the presidents only power over Congress as he cant vote directly on his own bills.
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Iron triangles.
The relationship between a Senate Committee, the relevant interest groups and Federal departments.
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Spoils System
A system by witch a political
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A constitution which is physically written down on one document.

Back

Codified Constitution

Card 3

Front

The idea that government shouldn't interfere with personal liberties and the economy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Refers to how flexible/rigid the constitution is in the USA.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A bicameral system by which there is a local and national government.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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