A2 English Language- LANGUAGE CHANGE TERMINOLOGY.

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Amelioration
When a word develops a more positive meaning over time.
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Archaism
Old fashioned word that isn't used in the present day.
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Blending
Two words that are combined together to make a new word. i.e nylon.
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Borrowing
When a word from one language falls into another.
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Broadening
When a word that has a specific meaning becomes more broad over time.
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Clipping
When the shortened version of a word becomes a word itself. i.e telephone-> phone.
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Coining
creation of a new word.
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Compound
a new word created by combining two together i.e sky-scrapper.
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Ellison
letters missed out of the word.
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Ellipsis
words missing out of a sentence.
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Initalism
i.e FBI and CD
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Load words
words taken from other languages.
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Marked Term
a word that refers to a persons gender i.e postman, mistress.
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Middle English
spoken from 1150AD to late 15th century.
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Narrowing
when the meaning of a word becomes more specific over time.
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Neologisms
New words that enter a language, i.e selfie.
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Pejoration
words that develop a negative meaning over time.
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Orthographical change.
change in the spelling of a word.
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Old English
450AD-1150AD
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Capitalisation
Capitalisation of words that don't require a capital letter.
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Inflections
left behind from old english. i.e "soe kinde" - "e" is the inflection
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Morpheme
using the proclitic "t" in the phrase "twas"- standardised spelling.
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Early modern english
1450-1700
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Formulation
removing an affix
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blowest
second person singular present tense archaic verb inflection.
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printing press
1476
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Mixed-Mode
Features of printed text combined with features expressed in conversation
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political correctness
words or phrases used to replace those that are considered offensive
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Obsolete
no longer maintaining a use.
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idiom
expression of language that can't be understood in the individual meanings.
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Subjunctive
gramatical mood.
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descriptivism
an attitude to language use that seeks to describe it without making judgements
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prescriptivism
an attitude to language use that makes judgements about what is right and wrong. Holds language up to an ideal standard that should be maintained.
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colloquialisation
where wrting uses language more typically seen in spoken language
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Old fashioned word that isn't used in the present day.

Back

Archaism

Card 3

Front

Two words that are combined together to make a new word. i.e nylon.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When a word from one language falls into another.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When a word that has a specific meaning becomes more broad over time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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