A2 English Language Change theorists

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1. Aitchison's crumbling castle metaphor

  • People pick up language changes to fit in with certain social groups
  • Language should be preserved
  • Language changes because people are lazy
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2. David Crystal use of abbreviations and initialisms in texting

  • Used because it is in fashion
  • Used in order to not waste characters
  • Used because some words are difficult to spell

3. Aitchison's damp spoon metaphor

  • People pick up language changes to fit in with certain social groups
  • Language changes because people are lazy
  • Language should be preserved

4. David Crystal

  • Descriptivist
  • Prescriptivist
  • Central

5. Aitchison 3 possibilities of language change

  • Slowly evolving to a more efficient state, language can neither progress or decay, slow decay
  • Migration, trade and new inventions, the media
  • Social and cultural change, great vowel shift, war and invasion

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