A2 English Language Change theorists

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1. Aitchison 3 possibilities of language change

  • Social and cultural change, great vowel shift, war and invasion
  • Slowly evolving to a more efficient state, language can neither progress or decay, slow decay
  • Migration, trade and new inventions, the media
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2. David Crystal

  • Central
  • Descriptivist
  • Prescriptivist

3. Jean Aitchison

  • Prescriptivist
  • Talks about people's views, not prescriptivist or descriptivist
  • Descriptivist

4. Giles accomadation theory

  • Standerdisation and spelling
  • Convergence and divergence
  • Phological and technological

5. Aitchison's crumbling castle metaphor

  • People pick up language changes to fit in with certain social groups
  • Language should be preserved
  • Language changes because people are lazy


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