A2 English Language Change theorists

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1. Aitchison's damp spoon metaphor

  • People pick up language changes to fit in with certain social groups
  • Language changes because people are lazy
  • Language should be preserved
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2. Aitchison infectious disease metaphor

  • Language changes because people are lazy
  • People pick up language changes to fit in with certain social groups
  • Language should be preserved

3. Aitchison internal socioliogical factors - gap between language and technology

  • Technology and language
  • All language geared towards younger users
  • Fashion and foreign influence

4. Halliday's functional theory

  • New words occur because we need them - new inventions
  • Believes functional sentences are a necessity for language change
  • Need certain function words to adapt

5. Lakoff

  • Language in women is weaker and men are more direct
  • Men seek reassurance and women are more inferior to men

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