A. Schoenberg - 'Peripetie' from Five Orchestral Pieces, Op. 16

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What is the context of this piece?
Fourth of Schoenberg's 'Five Orchestral Pieces'
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When was this piece composed?
1909
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What style of music is this piece?
Expressionist
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What are some key features of Expressionist music?
Atonality (equal importance between all 12 semitones), one intense emotion, playing at the upper extreme pitches, emphasis on timbre, short in length
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What key is this piece written in?
None - atonal
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What is the time signature of this piece?
Changes between 3/4, 2/4 and 4/4
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What is the structure of this piece?
Free rondo form - 5 sections - A B A1 B A2, not conforming to structures of the piece's recent musical past
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What is the tempo of this piece?
Sehr rasch (very fast), ruhiger (calmer) and heftig (passionate) - expressive use of tempo, also to mark sections of the piece. Extreme dynamics to create stark contrasts
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What is the melody like in this piece?
Short, fragmented motifs (not traditional melodic lines), disjunct melodies, large leaps, hexachords, inversion, rhythmic augmentation, hauptstimme and nebenstimme
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What are the dynamics like in this piece?
Frequent, sudden changes in dynamics, leading to extreme contrasts between ppp and fff
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What is the harmony/tonality like in this piece?
Atonal, dissonant harmony, hexachords, complement
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What is the instrumentation of this piece?
Large post-Romantic orchestra - quadruple woodwind section, large brass section, percussion and strings.
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How are some instruments played unusually?
Cymbals are played with a mallet and a cello bow, double basses play a tremolo very close to the bridge
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What is the rhythm like in this piece?
Varied, complex and change quickly. Different rhythms are layered to create a contrapuntal texture
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What is the texture like in this piece?
Largely contrapuntal with some monophonic and homophonic moments, complex textures created by inversion and imitation, final climax made by 3 different canons at once
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How would you describe the timbre?
Rapid contrasts and alternation in the timbre/instrument colour
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1909

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Card 4

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What are some key features of Expressionist music?

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What key is this piece written in?

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